Researchers discover exosomes stimulate neurons on three fundamental levels.
Researchers identify the 'master switch' which initiates the myelination process in the brain.
A new study reports abnormalities in oligodendrocytes seen in schizophrenia are partly determined by genes and not environmental factors alone.
Researchers show chronic stress generates long term changes in the brain. The finding could explain why people suffering from chronic stress are prone to developing additional mental health problems.
Inflammation in the brain prevents cells from accessing the iron they need in order to perform a critical role in neurodevelopment.
A new study shows how reciprocal communication between different brain cells contributes to neuronal integrity.
Researchers transplanted neural cells, derived from adult skin cells, into monkeys; where they developed into several different types of brain cells. The research could eventually help provide new treatment avenues for patients with a wide range of neurological diseases.
Researchers report that the protein Klotho plays an important role in the health of myelin, the insulating material allowing for the rapid communication between nerve cells. These findings may lead to new therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS) and Alzheimer's disease (AD).
Scientists report researchers are now on the threshold of human application of stem cell therapies for a class of neurological diseases known as myelin disorders – a long list of diseases that include conditions such as multiple sclerosis, white matter stroke, cerebral palsy, certain dementias, and rare but fatal childhood disorders called pediatric leukodystrophies.
A study shows social isolation during early life prevents the cells that make up the brain's white matter from maturing and producing the right amount of myelin, the fatty "insulation" on nerve fibers that helps them transmit long-distance messages within the brain.
Glial cells pass on metabolites to neurons. Around 100 billion neurons in the human brain enable us to think, feel...