For the first time ever, stem cells from umbilical cords have been converted into other types of cells, which may...
Glial cells pass on metabolites to neurons. Around 100 billion neurons in the human brain enable us to think, feel...
A study shows social isolation during early life prevents the cells that make up the brain's white matter from maturing and producing the right amount of myelin, the fatty "insulation" on nerve fibers that helps them transmit long-distance messages within the brain.
Scientists report researchers are now on the threshold of human application of stem cell therapies for a class of neurological diseases known as myelin disorders – a long list of diseases that include conditions such as multiple sclerosis, white matter stroke, cerebral palsy, certain dementias, and rare but fatal childhood disorders called pediatric leukodystrophies.
Researchers report that the protein Klotho plays an important role in the health of myelin, the insulating material allowing for the rapid communication between nerve cells. These findings may lead to new therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS) and Alzheimer's disease (AD).
Researchers transplanted neural cells, derived from adult skin cells, into monkeys; where they developed into several different types of brain cells. The research could eventually help provide new treatment avenues for patients with a wide range of neurological diseases.
A new study shows how reciprocal communication between different brain cells contributes to neuronal integrity.
Inflammation in the brain prevents cells from accessing the iron they need in order to perform a critical role in neurodevelopment.
Researchers show chronic stress generates long term changes in the brain. The finding could explain why people suffering from chronic stress are prone to developing additional mental health problems.
A new study reports abnormalities in oligodendrocytes seen in schizophrenia are partly determined by genes and not environmental factors alone.
Researchers identify the 'master switch' which initiates the myelination process in the brain.
Researchers discover exosomes stimulate neurons on three fundamental levels.