Injecting the brain molecule into mouse models of multiple sclerosis increased the number of oligodendrocytes. The findings suggest fractalkine may help to slow the progression, or potentially halt multiple sclerosis.
Study reports oligodendrocytes in the brain are distinct from oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system due to their metabolic processes. The findings may shed new light on neurological and autoimmune dysfunction in multiple sclerosis and other neurodegenerative disorders.
Enteric neurons appear to play a key role in the development of Parkinson's disease. The findings support the hypothesis and previous studies that the neurodegenerative disease may start in the gut before spreading to the brain. Researchers also found oligodendrocytes were affected during the early stages of Parkinson's, even before the loss of dopaminergic neurons.