When presented with drawings or cartoons of the eyes, people on the autism spectrum were better at naming the emotion conveyed than those with no diagnosis of ASD.
Autism-associated social difficulties may reflect differences that only become apparent in high-pressure scenarios and certain social interactions. The findings challenge the belief that those with ASD can't adequately read facial emotional expressions.
A newly proposed learning method for those on the autism spectrum accelerates the learning process and can help to improve visual perception.
Study finds an autism-related genetic mutation increases splicing errors and induces endoplasmic reticulum stress by activating the unfolded protein response.
Children on the autism spectrum may not always process bodily movements correctly, especially if they are distracted by something else.
Mutations in the ASD/intellectual disability genes ADNP and POGZ result in abnormal activation and overexpression of immune response genes and genes for microglia. This results in abnormal brain synaptic function, characteristic of ASD and ID.
Study reports girls and boys show similar rates of concern for ASD and identifies several biases contributing to the inflated sex ratio for autism diagnosis. The findings could help with the early identification of girls on the autism spectrum.
Maternal autoantibody–related autism spectrum disorder (MAR ASD) is marked by specific maternal antibodies that react to certain proteins in the fetal brain. Examining the plasma of expecting mothers, researchers found mothers with reactivity to one of the nine MAR ASD patterns were eight times as likely to have a child diagnosed with autism.
Exposure to the opioid fentanyl induces autism-like behaviors in mice by activating mu-opioid receptors in the anterior cingulate cortex.