Internet Addiction Disrupts Adolescent Brain Networks

Summary: A new study reviewed neuroimaging research on internet addiction in adolescents, revealing disrupted brain signaling in critical neural networks. These disruptions affect attention, memory, coordination, and emotional processing, impacting mental health.

The review highlights the need for more diverse studies to understand these effects fully.

Key Facts:

  1. Internet addiction disrupts brain networks responsible for attention and decision-making.
  2. Disruptions in brain signaling impact behaviors and development in adolescents.
  3. Most studies reviewed were conducted in Asia, indicating a need for more diverse research.

Source: PLOS

Max Chang and Irene Lee of University College London review neuroimaging studies of the effects of internet addiction on adolescent brains. Published June 4 in PLOS Mental Health, the study indicates that internet addiction is associated with disrupted signaling in the regions of the brain that are involved in multiple neural networks.

These networks play an important role in controlling our attention, in association with intellectual ability, working memory, physical coordination, and emotional processing—all of which in turn have an impact on mental health.

This shows a teen using a cell phone.
When engaging the default mode network, results varied more—however, functional connectivity was often reported to be disrupted during tasks that needed self-introspection and attention. Credit: Neuroscience News

Internet use has been skyrocketing, with adolescents spending more and more of their waking hours online. With this has come an increase in adolescent internet addiction. Given that adolescent brains are more capable of changing than those of adults, understanding the effects of internet addiction on the brain and behavior is vital for society as a whole.

The literature review focused on 12 neuroimaging studies of adolescents with internet addiction that had examined changes in the connectivity between brain networks, which work in concert to govern important behaviors and development in adolescents.

Interestingly, the neuroimaging studies that met the authors’ criteria in terms of age range and formal diagnosis of internet addiction were all conducted in Asia, despite many cases of internet addiction in the West. 

In all of the reviewed studies, when teenagers with internet addiction engaged in activities governed by the brain’s executive control network (e.g. behaviors requiring attention, planning, decision-making, and especially impulsivity), those brain regions showed a significant disruption in their ability to work together compared to those in individuals of the same age without internet addiction.

When engaging the default mode network, results varied more—however, functional connectivity was often reported to be disrupted during tasks that needed self-introspection and attention. Such signaling changes could mean that these behaviors can become more difficult to perform, which could potentially impact development and well-being.

However, as the authors state, ‘the present answers merely paint an unfinished picture that does not necessarily depict internet usage as overwhelmingly positive or negative’.

Further studies that include more people from a wider population are needed to confirm how internet addiction changes the way in which the brain controls behaviors and therefore our general well-being.

The authors add: “Understanding how and where internet addiction affects the functional connectivity in the brains of adolescents as well as replicating fMRI studies with multiple populations can guide future global therapeutic and public health interventions.”

About this neurodevelopment research news

Author: Charlotte Bhaskar
Source: PLOS
Contact: Charlotte Bhaskar – PLOS
Image: The image is credited to Neuroscience News

Original Research: The findings will appear in PLOs Mental Health

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