The development of a child's general and grammatical linguistic abilities between the ages of 3 to 4 is accompanied by the maturation of brain structures within the "language network".
Researchers report a link between adverse psychosocial factors experienced during childhood and cognitive function during midlife.
Excess fat from a mother's high-fat diet triggers immune cells to over-consume serotonin in the brains of developing males, leading to depression-like behaviors in the offspring.
The financial circumstances a child experiences impact their well-being between the ages of 41 and 65.
The method by which a parent helps their young child to sleep impacts their behavior, a new study reports. Children of parents who use passive sleep assistance methods, such as singing or cuddling, have higher sociability scores. Those with parents who use more active sleep methods, such as playing or car rides, are fussier and have more difficult temperaments.
Study reveals a signaling pathway that controls the formation of synapses between pyramidal neurons and inhibitory neurons expressing the parvalbumin protein.
The TOP2a gene controls a network of genes that contribute to ASD. Drugs that suppress TOP2a during development can turn on a cluster of other genes that disrupt brain development and increase autism risks. Alterations to the TOP2a gene may be responsible for the social behavioral difficulties associated with ASD.
Researchers have identified specific neurological biomarkers for ADHD in the brain. The study revealed those with ADHD had abnormal connectivity in brain areas associated with memory processing and auditory processing, and thinning of the brain's cortex.
Pregnant women who drink small-to-moderate amounts of alcohol during pregnancy risk altering their baby's brain structure and delaying brain development.