Alpha-2-adrenergic agonists appear to be effective at reducing symptoms associated with ADHD in preschool-aged children, and have fewer side effects than traditional stimulants used to treat ADHD.
Preterm birth was associated with a profound reduction in connectivity between multiple brain regions and with the reconfiguration of the organization of functional brain networks.
Subtle differences in perception during teenage years predict the development of hallucinations, delusions, and psychosis later in life.
Children who swim or participate in other motor movement-focused exercises were 13% more accurate in vocabulary tests than children who did not engage in exercise. Researchers say movement-focused exercises can help with the encoding of new words in children.
College students with higher levels of anxiety and depression were more likely to have experienced childhood adversity than their peers, researchers found.
Children born between 37 - 41 weeks gestation may have an advantage when it comes to educational achievement. Researchers found longer gestational age was significantly associated with better performance in tests of math, languages, social studies, and science at age nine. Children born at 41 weeks performed better in all areas, especially mathematics.
Effectively, mammals "dream" about the world they are about to experience before they are able to open their eyes and possibly before they are born. Researchers found before a newborn mouse opened its eyes, its retinal waves flow in a pattern that mimics the activity which would occur as the animal moves through the environment.
A new study found a person's math ability was linked to levels of GABA and glutamate in the brain. In children, greater math fluency was associated with higher GABA levels in the left intraparietal sulcus, while lower levels of GABA were linked to math ability in adults. The reverse was true for glutamate in both children and adults.
The more time a child is allowed to sit at the lunch table, the more likely they are to eat healthier foods like fruits and vegetables. Researchers say extending eating times at school could help promote healthier diet choices in children.