Investigating the effects of genetic abnormalities associated with autism and human brain development, researchers found brain organoids engineered to have lower levels of the ASD-associated SHANK3 gene had distinct features including neural firing hyperactivity, disruptions in pathways that cause cells to adhere to each other, and indications of ineffective neurotransmission.
A child's weight at birth could determine their risk of being diagnosed with a mental health disorder later in life. Researchers found for every kilogram below average birth weight, the more likely a child was to experience mental health problems through childhood and adolescence.
During brain development, oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) contribute to the neural pruning process, helping to shape the healthy development of the brain.
Obesity is, in part, determined by epigenetic development in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. Findings suggest developmental epigenetics plays a significant role in both environmental and genetic influences on obesity risk.
The earlier language disorders in children are identified, the earlier help can be provided to insure fluid language acquisition.
DHA consumption was associated with improved capacity for selective and sustained attention in adolescents, while ALA lowered impulsive behaviors.
Children with developmental language disorder have less myelin in parts of the brain associated with acquiring rules and habits, as well as brain areas associated with language production and comprehension.
By being unable to focus attention, children avoid the "learning trap" adults sometimes fall into.
Children who contracted COVID-19 are at increased risk of being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. Researchers found a 72% increase in new Type 1 diabetes cases in those under 18 who contracted COVID-19.