A new, open access repository incorporates frequently asked questions and answers by genomics researchers to provide a better general understanding of what their studies do, and do not show.
Almost half of the identified human accelerated regions of the genome appear to act as neurodevelopment enhancers, researchers say. The findings shed new light on the genetic basis of human evolution.
Despite the Y chromosome containing very few genes, it can dramatically alter male body size and may facilitate the evolution of sex differences.
A newly developed brain model from cultivated stem cells allowed researchers to analyze molecular pathways of neurons in a dish. Researchers identified specific forms of amyloid beta and tau associated with cognitive decline and Alzheimer's. They also uncovered signaling pathways that influence the production of the toxic proteins.
A new study reveals there appears to be a neurobiological component that drives instantaneous compatibility, in mice at least. A variation of the PDE11 enzyme found in brain areas governing mood and motivation seems to control whether mice want to socially interact or not, with genetically similar mice preferring each other.
Researchers have identified specific proteins that drive the development of cancer stem cells. They report targeting and suppressing galectin1, in addition to radiation therapy, could be an effective treatment for glioblastoma brain cancer.
Restoring levels of the DAXX protein prevents misfolding of proteins that drive Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases.
Researchers have identified 579 genetic loci associated with increased risk of disorders associated with self-regulation disorders including addiction, ADHD, and anti-social behavior.
Newly developed brain organoids grown from stem cells showed organized waves of neural activity similar to that seen in living human brains.
Irisin, a hormone secreted by muscles during exercise, improved cognitive function and lowered levels of inflammation in mouse models. The findings have implications for the development of treatments for Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases.