Does Consciousness Begin Before Birth?

Summary: Newfound evidence indicates that conscious experiences start as early as in late pregnancy. The study suggests that an infant’s brain is capable of forming conscious experiences that shape their emergent self and environmental understanding.

This research, deeply embedded in the mysteries of infant consciousness, utilizes recent advancements in identifying consciousness markers through brain imaging in adults, applying these to assess infant consciousness.

Thus, the findings not only illuminate the early onset of consciousness but also bring forth pivotal clinical, ethical, and potential legal implications.

Key Facts:

  1. Markers of Consciousness: The study utilizes brain imaging markers, proven to indicate consciousness in adults, to assess consciousness in infants for the first time.
  2. Sensory Integration: Newborns appear capable of integrating sensory and developing cognitive responses into coherent conscious experiences, aiding in understanding others’ actions and formulating responses.
  3. Perceptual Capacities: Infants, while being aware of fewer items and taking longer to perceive their surroundings than adults, can process a wider variety of information, such as sounds from varied languages.

Source: TCD

There is evidence that some form of conscious experience is present by birth, and perhaps even in late pregnancy, an international team of researchers from Trinity College Dublin and colleagues in Australia, Germany and the USA has found. 

The findings, published today in the peer-reviewed journal Trends in Cognitive Science, have important clinical, ethical and potentially legal implications, according to the authors. 

This shows a mom and baby.
This is the first time that a review of these markers in infants has been used to assess their consciousness. Credit: Neuroscience News

In the study, entitled ‘Consciousness in the cradle: on the emergence of infant experience’, the researchers argue that by birth the infant’s developing brain is capable of conscious experiences that can make a lasting imprint on their developing sense of self and understanding of their environment.

The team comprised neuroscientists and philosophers from Monash University, in Australia, University of Tübingen, in Germany, University of Minnesota, in the USA, and Trinity College Dublin.

Although each of us was once a baby, infant consciousness remains mysterious, because infants cannot tell us what they think or feel, explains one of the two lead authors of the paper Dr Tim Bayne, Professor of Philosophy at Monash University (Melbourne). 

“Nearly everyone who has held a newborn infant has wondered what, if anything, it is like to be a baby. But of course we cannot remember our infancy, and consciousness researchers have disagreed on whether consciousness arises ‘early’ (at birth or shortly after) or ‘late’ ­– by one year of age, or even much later.”

To provide a new perspective on when consciousness first emerges, the team built upon recent advances in consciousness science. In adults, some markers from brain imaging have been found to reliably differentiate consciousness from its absence, and are increasingly applied in science and medicine. This is the first time that a review of these markers in infants has been used to assess their consciousness.

Co-author of the study, Lorina Naci, Associate Professor in the School of Psychology, who leads Trinity’s ‘Consciousness and Cognition Group, explained: “Our findings suggest that newborns can integrate sensory and developing cognitive responses into coherent conscious experiences to understand the actions of others and plan their own responses.”

The paper also sheds light into ‘what it is like’ to be a baby. We know that seeing is much more immature in babies than hearing, for example.

Furthermore, this work suggests that, at any point in time, infants are aware of fewer items than adults, and can take longer to grasp what’s in front of them, but they can easily process more diverse information, such as sounds from other languages, than their older selves.

About this consciousness and neurodevelopment research news

Author: Fiona Tyrrell
Source: TCD
Contact: Fiona Tyrrell – TCD
Image: The image is credited to Neuroscience News

Original Research: Open access.
Consciousness in the cradle: on the emergence of infant experience” by Tim Bayne et al. Trends in Cognitive Sciences


Consciousness in the cradle: on the emergence of infant experience

Although each of us was once a baby, infant consciousness remains mysterious and there is no received view about when, and in what form, consciousness first emerges.

Some theorists defend a ‘late-onset’ view, suggesting that consciousness requires cognitive capacities which are unlikely to be in place before the child’s first birthday at the very earliest. Other theorists defend an ‘early-onset’ account, suggesting that consciousness is likely to be in place at birth (or shortly after) and may even arise during the third trimester.

Progress in this field has been difficult, not just because of the challenges associated with procuring the relevant behavioral and neural data, but also because of uncertainty about how best to study consciousness in the absence of the capacity for verbal report or intentional behavior.

This review examines both the empirical and methodological progress in this field, arguing that recent research points in favor of early-onset accounts of the emergence of consciousness.

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  1. Is consciousness not required to move in a mothers womb at 5 months ? Some women, although rare, do not know they are pregnant until this point, from having little or no pregnancy symptoms and continuing to have menstruation for more than half of the pregnancy,until a little conscious being makes his existence known. Is it really possibly to move our limbs whilst retaining the consciousness of a stone ? Consciousness comes from the spiritual, which gradually descends into the physical world and continues unfolding and developing in various forms throughout human life and beyond.

    1. Some fetal movement is an autonomic response to a mother’s touch or a sound. we see this type of movement in patients who are in a vegetative state.

      Consciousness is a different animal altogether. The ability of directed action, trying to grab a bottle or a toy for the express reason of directed interaction. Like taking a drink or shaking the toy for the reward of a rattle. This is conscious movement.

      1. No one can explain the mysteries of life and the human being whilst disregarding God and what is God-like in the human being. It is a losing battle. Materialistic science is dead, like a lifeless automaton, which will never satisfy the many starving souls who seek the divine truth of existence. And unfortunately pregnancy itself is so often looked upon as a godless animalistic process. Pregnancy is a spiritual process, not even we can decide WHEN and WHOM will come to a womans womb.

  2. My question, Do animals have consciousness?
    I know little about this but think that apes, monkeys, elephants, cetacean, corvids and parrots do.

  3. You know the Bible speaks of this. Elizabeth who is Mary cousin was pregnant at the same time as Mary. Mary came to visit Elizabeth, and when Mary walked into the room the baby inside of Elizabeth jumped for joy. And Elizabeth said blessed is the heart of your womb. If we don’t have consciousness while we’re still in the womb. How did John the Baptist while still inside of Elizabeth leap for joy. This is one of the things I used to teach my Sunday school class when dealing with teenage girls on the issue of abortion.

      1. Hi Tim! With a playful tone in mind, “oh, come on now! That’s just a modern myth that it is “just” a story!” We share something in common: we’re both inspired by myths, but, in the words of J.R.R. Tolkien, perhaps this one is a true myth.

  4. Interesting. The study didn’t include prenatal subjects, only newborns -yet it claims to give credence to embryos still in utero. Extremely sad, since “pro-lifers” will surely try to use this study as ‘evidence’ for their cause…. Also, it would be interesting to see a study of newly born 1 day or less, compared to 1 week olds- basics, like do they recognize their mothers scent or how are they at suckling… since in my experience, the Dr explaining to me the reason my new baby wasn’t suckling was because i had to teach him by putting a little milk in his mouth.

  5. I have a few memories from before I was born, being in the womb of my mother. One was with sound. Another with feeling nauseous an de third was when I was preparing for birth, meaning turning around with my head upside down. I remember also a part of my birth.
    Along with this memories, I remember the feelings that went together with them too.
    I also have memories from being a baby and early childhood.

  6. What this is arguing is not that you’ll have memories from before you were born because I can guarantee you to not and that they’re basically fabricated within your head to explain something about when you were alive but not aware of it, because that can be very disconcerting for a lot of people.

    It’s saying that what happens to you in the later parts of pregnancy even though you can’t remember it specifically because in general it would just be sensations and like different nutrients coming through. It has an effect on your psyche later.

    Like think about you had basically an infinite number of experiences leading up to now. You can’t remember the vast vast majority of information. But still affects you.

    It’s like if you through 20,000 marbles at a clay block, you won’t be able to tell like which individual marbles are hitting wear and when it happened or whatever. You just know that that thing got pummeled. And that affects how it looks and it’s function.

  7. The late onset theory is wrong, at least for some of us as I have memories going back to 72 hours after birth +/-30 minutes. My parents traveled for the first half of my first year and I have a lot of memories of the places we were, people, things I touched, tasted and saw, some sounds as well.

    With our children we used baby sign from birth and they started signing back at about age one month. Milk, dirty, shower, apple, pickup… They were clearly cognizant and communicating.

    1. I have vivid memories of being 2. I know how old I was because of the location in the memories. My mom pulling out the map from the store that showed the countries involved in the first Gulf war and pointing to them and making me say the names in front of people. I don’t like being in front of people.

  8. Very interesting considering I don’t remember most of my young childhood at all. I remember when we bought a family car when I was two…but just the day I came home in it. I remember registering for kindergarten. I don’t really remember much of anything beyond that…

  9. My earliest memory is lying on a shiny metal tray while staring up into a bright light. I have remembered this early moment since at least the age of 1 or 2 years just after we moved from my birth place in Burlington, Vermont to a farm house in Wappingers Falls, New York. So, I have always reflected on this memory for as long as I can remember. I am also aware that all memories are subject to modification upon recall and restoring in our brains. So, it is impossible for me to say with certainty how accurate is my recall of this moment. I can say that I remembered much more about that moment when I was very young, such as who was present and what they were doing with me in what I recall was a doctor’s office. My very earliest baby photo does show me lying stomach down with brilliant dark eyes open wide and looking up and around with intense curiosity!

  10. As Lutzky points out, the study’s use of ‘consciousness’ is unfortunate and, I think, misleading.

    To say that there are ‘proven markers of consciousness in adults’, especially in relation to the ‘something-it-is-like’, phenomenological notion of consciousness, is tantamount to claiming an explanation or solution, with corresponding scientific evidence, to the Hard Problem of consciousness.

    Philosophy does not have an explanation for the Hard Problem–famously–and so science much less of an idea.

    The present study need only refer to cognition, perception, integration, comprehension, even communication — none of these are predicated on consciousness.

    That said, the conflation is understandable, since the problematic is subtle as well as technical. But no excuse for professional, philosophically informed neuroscientists, you would hope.

    This is not to say that the study does not have anything to contribute to our understanding of phenomenal consciousness. It is just that the theoretical framework is, notwithstanding, muddying the waters considerably. These findings have nothing, so far, to say in mention of consciousness — they say less than nothing, unfortunately, precisely due to the mention.

  11. My experience in my Mother’s womb, may have been one of anxiety. Although, I can’t remember it as a semantic memory I have often felt anxiety as a child and adult. My Mother was difficult and often anxious herself. My Father began having scitzophrenia and my Mum left him when I was 2 years old. She was anxious as a Single Mum in the 60’s and then her beloved ex husband took his own life when I was 12 years old.

  12. Many decades ago,a friend’s work involved taking samples of blood (a few drops) from newborn babies. She was fascinated by the response, of every baby, to the procedure:
    Carefully unwrap baby from blankets/wraps
    Clean heel of foot with alcohol
    Quick jab heel with tiny sterile lancet
    Collect a few drops of blood
    Press on heel for a moment to stop bleeding
    Wipe heel again
    Re-wrap baby in gown, and blankets
    aaaand,just as all was completed, the baby would finally react, with a wail to express “Hey! that hurt!”
    So . . .
    awareness? Yes.
    But it took longer, than in an adult, to process the experience.

    1. That doesn’t prove awareness. All creatures react to pain. It doesn’t make them aware in the way we are referring to humans. More than likely that is a result of nerve pathways and neurons that aren’t as adept as they are later in life.

      1. Joe D, please explain how a creature with no awareness could possibly react to pain? (Please explain how and for what reason any creature would react to pain without having an awareness of pain.) And how would you proove there is no awareness in a creature who reacts to pain?

  13. I wonder how I came out, being born at only 7 months & weighing around 3-4 pds… I did spend my first two months in an incubator & when I arrived home, my mother was already back at work . . . Back then, teachers only had time off at 1 month, not 1 year. We had a live-in housekeeper, the one spending more time with me. Even when Mom got home, having had a bad day at school may have kept her spending even less time with me.

    1. This isn’t what happened when my babies had their PKU tests. They were IMMEDIATELY pissed lmao.

  14. I remember back when I just kept thinking, “this is so messed up. Somehow I seem to have gotten myself into the testicles of some guy that keeps blowing my siblings into toilets and tissues. Amd I feel like I maybe missing part of me. Almost like I am a seed that lacks dirt. Then I remember raising for an egg as though my very existence depended on it. I lost that race but I was still there. Then just like that I and my remaining siblings were grabbed up and placed into respective tubes that looked to be for testing. I blacked out shortly after and when I came back to myself I was a 9 year old boy. Guess both sides are correct. We are conceived with consciousness and we also get it later in life. I should probably also qualify this by saying that to me, being conscious means that you have oxygen available. That may change you view that story yet it is all true although the last sentence is a gray area. Have fun being conscious.

  15. I can remember before I was born and quite a few memories of being a baby/toddler and small child. I was actually adopted at 3 and have shocked my birth mom many times by recalling things in great detail from when I was a baby or even before I was born. Which I obviously shouldn’t even know anything about at all. I was also born in New York and can recall all kinds of things related to the city even though we left when I was 3 months old. I thought it was totally normal until I started telling my friends and family and realized it was actually fairly rare that anyone remembers most of their childhood let alone before 6 years old.

  16. In my experience of observing the formation of tastes in small kids since their birth, I noticed that they inherit a taste right from their moment of birth. For instance, a child born into a violin-player family inherits all the acoustic qualities of appreciating the nuances of high and low pitch modulation, amplitude and vibrations even before the child knows anything of the difference between a sound and a noise. I am of the view that lactating mothers should pay proper attention to the right kind of values within their mind and body right from the early moments of conception. That would facilitate formation of profound values in the later life of the child.

      1. JoeD, Please read the comment of Urba Naveed (Oct. 13) which refers to the science behind the general topic of what Dr. Vridhachalempillay Subramaniam said. And you probably know sources you trust to go to for learning more about this. As a pregnant mother in the seventies and eighties, I was told by current science news and by my own doctors and nurses much that is similar to what the doctor has observed. As were my friends who are mothers. Then in the last seven years my daughter also learned about this when she was having children. I believe most modern pregnant women are educated on this topic. Specifically concerning the doctors last two sentences, on the passing on of values, is that possibly what your response is to ( and not the rest of his comment)? I find the idea very intriguing, but I doubt a materialist such as yourself would want to look into the possibility of it.

  17. An answer given on Quora to the question “What is your earliest memory from childhood?” stated,that his entire life he would have a disturbing “thought” that was similar to a daydream only it was reoccurring like certain dreams are for some individuals. One night as he lay in bed, almost completely asleep, it hit him like a ton of bricks and he shit straight up in his bed and said out loud “its my memory of being born”. He described his emotions during this memory as being humiliating and angry and almost what it’s like when someone wakes you up from a nap unexpectedly and you snap at them for it. He also stated he could recognize a single voice in the room and it was a voice that was hostile and not comforting, only familiar and that was his mother who hadn’t wanted another child and was miserable and angry throughout her entire pregnancy and would continue to demonstrate this treatment to the author for the rest of her life. He also stated that before leaving his mother’s womb, it’s was dark, warm and loud. He stated he could hear everything around him including various voices and different sounds all of which were muffled but still loud. Personally, I think he may be right about this “reoccurring daydream” he has experienced his entire life. It sounds like for him his birth may have been very traumatic which upon consideration,would be for most of us. My earliest memory from when I was young is from when I must of been ten to eleven weeks old. I know this because I was sitting in my carrier with was settled on our downstairs bathroom floor and I was trying to grab at my mother’s long hair which was almost to her knees at the time as she leaned over the sink to use the mirror while applying mascara. I remember watching my chubby little fingers as her hair kept barely slipping though them and becoming frustrated and starting to cry and my mom would turn and shush me softly with a smile and make noise from her face which would calm me and as soon as she saw I was calm she would tyn back towards the mirror to carry on doing her mascara at which point the ends of her hair would be within my grasps again but I couldn’t reach myself closer because I was strapped in. Then my father came in and tried to embrace my mom from behind and gave her a kiss on her cheek and turned and crouched down to unbuckle me and pick me up out of my carrier. I remember his scent I must have been familiar with at that time already because I immediately felt comforted and safe after my face reached his shoulder and my head was pointed towards his neck. He softly but more firmly than anyone else, patted my back and gently rocked me back and fourth I remember my mom coming out of the restroom a few moments after and she was dressed funny. She was dressed as raggedy Anne and my father later dressed up as Andy and I never forgot this from that point on. The whole memory has stuck with me since being made. I am sure of what my age had to have been for multiple reasons. The first is that the tube of mascara that my mom was using was bright orange and green and I can still remember the smell of it to this day however the scent is almost irrelevant because my mom continued to use this mascara as I was growing up anyways so I became very familiar with it and it was Avon’s limited edition Halloween mascara and if I’m not mistaken they still bring it back every year for Halloween or at least they did as I was growing up. I was born August 7th and this was either the day of Halloween itself or sometime during the week prior to it putting me somewhere between ten and eleven weeks old. I remember almost every moment of my life from that point forward and have an exceptional memory. I also have multiple forms of Synesthesia including a form that effects the way I store and view my memories. I can pull memories from a long drawer almost like a filing cabinet in my minds eye and my memories are stored in the cabinet as basically a record of every day of my entire life and everything is in chronological order with the most recent memories towards the front of the drawer and the very back of the drawer was my birth. I have been good at being able to recall how old I was (almost to the day in most cases) when this happened or that happened and my siblings all come to me in regards to the date and their ages at the time of certain key events in their lives. So yes, I do not hold a PHD in Neurology however based of own personal experience our consciousness develops like the ability to crawl walk and talk. We all develop those abilities at a time that is unique to each of us based on our level of readiness and physical ability however, it generally happens at about the same time for all of us and if it happens before it’s considered advanced and when any of these things are developed any later than they should it raises a red flag that their may be an issues causing the development to be delayed. I also believe that just as there are multiple layers to learning how to walk and talk such as learning how to read or speak multiple languages and learning how to run skip and hop after learning how to walk, there are multiple levels of consciousness also that we don’t inherent at the snap of a finger in a single instance. I believe the first thing that must for sure happen before consciousness is developed to a point of a person being able to start making memories is that one must become aware of their own existence. Perhaps that is the point when we hear the voice of ourselves in our head for the very first time or perhaps it when we realize we can interact with what is around us and respond to it. Nonetheless, I believe individuals become aware when the become aware and it’s from that point on they are able to start storing memories. I believe for some, like the gentleman on Quora for instance, this can absolutely happen before birth and for some, I believe it can come alot later.I do struggle with the theory of it being beyond a year old. I think for obvious reasons that is extremely unlikely. Thanks for your time and the opportunity to share my thoughts on this article. It’s extraordinary and makes one think about things not thought about on a daily basis.

    1. Yep,candy there’s other people on Quota who claim to have been abducted by aliens,csren ghosts, experienced out of body experiences, talked to God, could predict the future, etc. And they are all delusional. Same with the guy from this story. Just because your mind created a memory does not mean it is real.

    1. Words 💫👏 not much to say
      Consciousness Mama feeding baby 🍼 instrinc evening starving:0) feeling processing the moment naturally the emotion nature obviously.

  18. “Some theorists defend a ‘late-onset’ view, suggesting that consciousness requires cognitive capacities which are unlikely to be in place before the child’s first birthday at the very earliest.” What exactly do such theorists mean by consciousness? I know that there is much debate about the definition of consciousness. I have a degree in philosophy from U.C. Berkeley, from a time when many influential philosophy professors taught about the topic of consciousness. Oxford then deemed that philosophy department even better than it’s own. Consciousness was my main focus. I know it is, to this day, still a word that has different meanings for different philosophers or neuroscientists. Perhaps those who have the late onset view have adapted a unique (and rather unusual) definition? But if you simply take the word to mean awareness, as it is most commonly used: Anyone who has ever cared for a baby – or even just held a baby in the baby’s first days of life, let alone six months or nine months, knows without doubt that the baby is consciously experiencing his or her perceptions and is responding to those. I remember our newborn grandson relating to a whole dining room table of people at about 3 months, and frankly, relating to his family on the first day of life, as did my son and daughter. Of course the child who is almost about to be born also has consciousness; what would make anyone think it just happened suddenly because the person was now on the other side of the mother’s body? I am happy to hear that scientists are proving this in a way that will satisfy those who cannot see the truth when it is in front of their noses, or would be if they actually knew some babies intimately. The ignorance here reminds me of people who doubt that animals have consciousness. A whole lot of cruelty can take place if you deny consciousness in beings, cruelty such as happens in labs…

    1. It seems that some scientists are of the view that consciousness requires external stimulation or input to exist as opposed to the theory that consciousness is innate from the moment of conception. Philosopher, Oscar Ichazo theorized, the nine steps of formation of consciousness in the womb that are not dependent on external stimulation. But modern scientists, who are close minded materialists will reject this view, of course.

      1. Right! And such close-mindedness does not actually qualify as being scientific in my opinion; it is rather a dependence on the deep-rooted belief system named “materialism”.

      2. ” But modern scientists, who are close minded materialists”

        Yeah, Brad. It’s called science.

      3. Yes. Though there are scientists who are open-minded (true scientists – curious, exploring all possibilities, knowing that today’s knowledge is not the end-all, be-all of knowledge), some scientists ARE indeed stuck in the old, late twentieth century belief system of materialism-only. And these “scientists” will not even glance at actual scientific studies that imply anything other than materialism, and then they will say “there is no scientific proof” for what the studies show.

      4. Obviously consciousness depends on having a brain. A newly fertilized egg has no brain

        Memory also requires a brain. The brain develops as a fetus grows and continues to grown and develop into adulthood

    2. ” Anyone who has ever cared for a baby – or even just held a baby in the baby’s first days of life, let alone six months or nine months, knows without doubt that the baby is consciously experiencing his or her perceptions and is responding to those.”

      This could literally be said about any organism. This is why we have science. It helps us determine what is reality, and what is just someone thinking they “know” something.

      1. Should studies be done to “know” that our 10 year olds have consciousness, Joe? or our mates or our best friends? Does each such matter need broad research studies to be known enough to proceed with it as given knowledge?

      2. Joe, the games and laughter and empathy shared with a baby say as much as the words of a four year old or forty-year-old to give an implication of consciousness. The fact, and I do mean “fact” is that except by incomplete inference neither you nor I will ever have knowledge that anyone or anything other than our very own self has consciousness. You can never prove to me that you are conscious,Joe. But I certainly do know that I am. Consciousness exists in the interesting confine of subjectivity and will never escape from that.

      3. For the sake of compassion does not the burden of proof lie with those who would prove something (someone) is without consciousness? rather than the other way around? That said, either way, any complete proof is actually impossible. We can only suppose and infer consciousness in anything. Except for our own subjective self. I know with certainty that I am conscious, but I will never know it with certainty that you are. And yet it is very practical to go ahead and make the assumption. But seeing this study, I must ask, why are 4 year old humans or forty year olds assumed to have consciousness any more than also very seemingly conscious babies or 9 month old fetuses are? We simply assume consciousness for the older ones without any scientific proof at all, do we not?

    3. I was also a philosophy major in college. So approximately when do you believe consciousness starts? Surely not at the single-cell organism (zygote) stage…

      1. Krissy, I don’t know the answer to your question. And I don’t believe anyone knows. I’ve read and searched for years, have discussed with scientist friends, and followed scientists’ blogs on it – but never found that there is anything definitive happening.There are many claims. There are even scientists with the recent hypothesis that there is a bit of consciousness in all matter. As for philosophy, I wonder if you have studied the ideas on birth and consciousness of eastern, as well as western philosophy? In the East there is the view of consciousness existing before conception, with highly educated, analytical, logical, non-theistic philosophers discussing the situation. But as far as scientific affirmation goes, the world is still at square one with the hard problem of consciousness, are we not? As for the elephant in the room – the decision-making to have a baby: is it really tenable to do any decision making based on when “consciousness begins?” To me it is best to ask, as people do ask, “when does the ability to feel pain begin?”, since that question is more answerable, though not entirely. I do not BELIEVE that a one-celled zygote feels pain, unless something other than a partly developed nervous system could experiences pain (in a human,that is, though it seems to be possible in other organisms.) But that is my opinion – again, how do I really know? I remain pro-choice, but nevertheless I do think more women could do more conscientious, responsible best to completely consider that there are big unknowns concerning fetal experience, and especially do this before making any serious decisions that come after the stage when a nervous system is beginning. Given what we know and don’t know, doesn’t it seem clear that the earliest pregnancy tests and earliest abortions should be more encouraged? Whenever that is possible, and of course, sometimes it is not. Yet there are some times, are there not, when there is not really a good reason to delay?) And does it not seem true, to speak to Pro-Lifers, that allowing an abortion pill in the earliest stages seems what Pro-lifers would be advocating, not forbidding? It would be so if, that is, the Pro-Lifer truly has worries about the unborn’s experience,and is not just using the issue for politics.

    1. Amazing!! I do believe you remember,some can remember,and some have experienced it through NDE(s) and speak about it! Or remember kicking its twins head,some remember fighting his or her twin in the womb ! They know it isn’t a pleasant when they get more cramped and will push and turn kick and punch ! Of course they have a conscious!! It starts at conception,and our spirits when in the womb, can go to heaven while its body is in the womb during sleeping mode! Some souls Wait until the heart Begins to beat until,then they’re spirit/ soul enters body of they’re home for they’re earthly training and learing,finding they’re talents they learned while waiting they’re turn here on Earth!! Very i teresting!!

  19. The cognitive abilities of preborn children is the subject of Zev Bronski’s recent novel, ‘Permanent Dark,’ which is based on research in this area.

    1. Yes, it is true. I do not know the scientific evidences but I believe that we always remember the impressions of our neonatal life. They impact our thinking and cognitive patterns greatly. But there is also another fact to it. It mostly depends upon the environment. If you have grown in a friendly and optimized environment when you are fetus, then it has impacts on our behavior too. Such individuals tend to be peaceful and mentally healthy. While those fetuses, whose mothers were not emotionally relax during their pregnancy time, tend to be disturbed. Psychological studies also reveal this fact. There is Netflix series “The fame game”, this observation is also supported in this season by a psychologist.

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