Spending time enjoying the sunshine may help protect children and young adults from developing multiple sclerosis, a new study reports. Sun exposure boosts vitamin D levels and helps stimulate immune cells. Researchers report vitamin D may alter the biological function of immune cells, offering added protection against multiple sclerosis.
Chains of fatty acids in the lysosome that are one-half nanometer longer than normal-length chains were associated with a degenerative form of Gaucher disease, a genetic condition related to Parkinson's disease.
A newly developed self-assessment test of cognitive function can help detect early signs of dementia sooner than commonly used office-based cognitive tests.
Deficits in the dentate gyrus function that causes memory problems may be associated with epileptic seizures a new study reports. The abnormal activity leads to over-extinction, spurring on seizures.
Sildenafil, an FDA-approved drug to treat erectile dysfunction (Viagra) and pulmonary hypertension, appears to be a promising candidate to prevent and treat Alzheimer's disease.
Cataract surgery was associated with a 30% reduction in dementia risk for older adults, a new study reports.
Walking exercise on a treadmill improves cognitive abilities, including learning and memory, and preserves hippocampal volume in people with relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis.
Older people who experience elevated heart rates are at increased risk for developing dementia, researchers report.
Microglia, a key immune cell in the brain, appears to mediate the relationship between the gut microbiome and amyloid-beta deposits in male mouse models of Alzheimer's disease.
A drug currently being tested in cancer clinical trials appears to prevent dysfunction in an immune cell signaling pathway associated with Alzheimer's disease. Blocking the pathway could prevent Alzheimer's from developing and slow the progression of symptoms for those who already have the disease.
A neuroimaging study reveals significant structural differences in the brain of fetuses exposed to alcohol. Researchers found alcohol exposed fetuses had increased volume in the corpus callosum and decreased volume in the periventricular zone of the brain.