Researchers have identified high levels of three gut-produced toxic metabolites in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid samples of patients with multiple sclerosis.
Core neurons in the lateral parabrachial nucleus project to the amygdala, an area of the brain associated with fear and emotional processing of pain. Neurons in the shell project to the pre-Bötzinger complex, a region that generates breathing rhythm. Both core and shell neurons influence each other according to inputs from each area, increasing breathing rate when we are in pain or anxious.
The COVID causing SARS-CoV-2 protein interacts with alpha-synuclein, speeding up the formation of amyloid plaques, a new study reports.
Researchers have identified a rare population of potentially toxic senescent cells that may be a novel target for Alzheimer's disease therapies.
Asthma causes T cells to induce lung inflammation but prevents the growth of brain tumors. Reprogramming T cells in patients with brain cancer to act like T cells in those with asthma may help to curb the growth of tumors.
Researchers have refined a molecule that shows promise for the prevention of Parkinson's disease.
Age-related macular degeneration and lupus share a common contributor to inflammation. The findings could help researchers develop new treatments for those conditions, and other conditions associated with inflammation.