A new study sheds light on visual development and learning in children. Researchers found cortical recycling in the ventral temporal cortex reflects adjustments to changing visual demands throughout childhood.
During non-REM sleep, visual areas of the brain exhibit an excitation/inhibition balance indicative of increased plasticity. REM sleep appears to be essential for people to reap the benefits of the increased plasticity that occurs during NREM sleep.
Our brains need only perform a few fast statistical calculations to detect the key properties of an unknown object. Findings challenge existing views of how our brains extract and learn about our environment.
Transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) helps boost visual learning in patients with chronic cortical blindness, leading to a recovery in motion processing within 10 days of exposure. The effects of the tRNS treatment appear to last for at least six months.
New findings from Max Plank Institute researchers challenges conventional belief about the role of the thalamus in learning. Researchers report the thalamus plays a far more active role in visual processing in the context of learning than previously thought.