Prenatal diet could increase the risk of unhealthy eating and obesity in the offspring, a new study reports. Pregnant mice fed high omega-6 and low omega-3 diets were more likely to have offspring that were more inclined to consume hyper-caloric foods, increasing their risk of obesity.
Mitochondria regulate how neural stem cells become neurons during brain development. The findings may help explain how humans developed larger brains during evolution and how mitochondrial defects lead to some neurodevelopmental disorders.
Neurons created as a result of adult neurogenesis mature for longer and grow larger than those created during infancy. Findings suggest adult-born neurons may have a more powerful function than those created during infancy and may play a critical role in neuroplasticity.
Adult born neurons are essential for synaptic structural remodeling and memory consolidation during REM sleep, a new mouse study found.
LIN28, a molecule that regulates cell growth could help in the treatment of spinal cord injury and optic nerve damage. When expressed above normal levels, the molecule fuels axon growth in mice with injury, enabling the body to repair damaged nerves.
Mouse models of corticospinal injuries reveal adult neurons begin a natural regeneration process by reverting back to an embryonic state. The regeneration is sustained with the help of a gene more commonly associated with Huntington's disease.
The genes GRB10 and ABTB1 are influential in nutrient-sensing pathways and memory. Researchers say these genes may be the molecular links between diet, neural stem cell aging, and cognitive ability.
Chronic stress can affect a person's health and mental well being. Due to the COVID-19 virus, chronic stress is on the rise worldwide. Researchers examine the general and psychological health implications of chronic stress and suggest some methods we can adopt to keep our stress levels in check.