Researchers have identified a neural mechanism that supports advanced cognitive functions such as planning and problem-solving. The mechanism distributes information from a single neuron to larger neural populations in the prefrontal cortex.
Mothers who use cannabis during pregnancy to relieve stress may be putting their children at risk of developing anxiety and stress later in life. Researchers found placental tissue revealed cannabis use in mothers was associated with lower expression of immune-activating genes. Cannabis suppression of placental immune-gene networks predicted higher anxiety in children.
Study reveals how the brain utilizes forward-thinking when we try to influence others or gain social control.
Heightened states of arousal altered neural circuits in a brain area associated with decision making, resulting in some neurons changing from decision making to internal state monitors.
The delicate balance between learning new behaviors and expressing old habits is controlled by two different populations of neurons in the dorsolateral striatum.
Researchers recreated the damage seen in frontotemporal dementia in brain organoid models. The study reveals an experimental drug designed to treat Crohn's disease may help prevent neuron death associated with FTD.
For those with a genetic predisposition to higher eye pressure, high caffeine consumption may increase the risk of developing glaucoma threefold.
Researchers have identified 64 genomic regions that contain genetic variants associated with an increased risk of developing bipolar disorder. The study also revealed a genetic overlap between bipolar disorder and other psychiatric disorders.
Mice with cytokine IL-23 dysregulation who consumed foods containing the artificial colorants FD&C Red 40 and Yellow developed colitis, a new study reports.
Ezogabine, a drug that opens up the KCNQ2/3 type potassium channel, significantly improved symptoms of depression and anhedonia.