Using RNA sequencing, researchers have created a spatiomolecular map of the striatum, an area of the brain implicated in decision making and addiction.
Children born to mothers diagnosed with anemia before the 31st week of pregnancy were at a higher risk of developing ADHD, ASD, and other intellectual disabilities than children born to mothers diagnosed with anemia during the final weeks of pregnancy. The risk of being diagnosed with autism was 4.9% higher for those born to mothers who experienced early pregnancy anemia. For ADHD, those born to anemic mothers had a 9.3% higher risk than those born to mothers who developed the condition during late pregnancy.
Rather than having an equal chance of survival, cell death appears to be controlled by a mechanism that filters our the less fit cells.
Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of being diagnosed with a mental health problem. The risk of being diagnosed with a psychiatric condition is 1.6 times higher for those with IBD than the general population. IBD is associated with an increased risk of eating disorders, anxiety, depression, personality disorders, and ASD diagnosis. Researchers report there is also an increased risk of suicidal thoughts when the child reaches adulthood. The risk of being diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder was highest during the first year of IBD diagnosis, especially in children diagnosed with the condition before the age of 6.
Diagnosis of inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis during adulthood has been linked to a 50% higher mortality rate and shorter life expectancy in those over 50. The increased risk of death remained after the introduction of therapies aimed at treating the conditions but decreased over time.
Sleep loss leads to negativity bias, negative mood and impaired emotional regulation.
A new study reports combining antipsychotic medications could help to prevent relapse and hospitalization for those with schizophrenia. Combining aripiprazole and clozapine resulted in a 23% lower risk of re-hospitalization than with clozapine alone, researchers report.
Study reveals social learning via oral communication or video can affect human behavior and decision making just as strongly as personal experience. The findings shed light on why people may sometimes make irrational decisions.