Moment-to-moment fluctuations in brain activity over a three-minute period can reliably predict how receptive a person with social anxiety will be to cognitive behavioral therapy.
People with bipolar disorder who experience frequent manic episodes had faster cortical thinning, specifically in the prefrontal cortex than those who reported less frequent episodes of mania. Researchers also noted faster enlargement of the brain's ventricles and slower thinking of the parahippocampal and fusiform cortical regions in those who experienced more frequent mania.
Neurturin, a muscle-produced protein, improves muscular metabolism, motor coordination, and exercise performance in mouse models. The discovery could have implications for treating ALS and other disorders associated with neurological disorders that affect muscles.
Cancer patients with vitamin D deficiency under palliative care reported a decreased need for opioids to control pain and reduced symptoms of fatigue when given vitamin D supplementation.
A new study reveals adults with ADHD have an increased risk of developing nervous system, respiratory, musculoskeletal, and metabolic diseases. ADHD was also associated with a slightly increased risk of Parkinson's disease, dementia, and cardiovascular disease.
Children show improved ability in their math skills when they are trained to practice visual working memory and reasoning tasks.
A link has been identified between psychosis and a genetic change that alters the immune system in the brain. Researchers found people with psychosis associated with bipolar disorder had decreased expression of GRK3. This led to an increased amount of kynurenic acid in the brain.
Cholinesterase inhibitors such as galantamine, donepezil, and rivastigmine, appear to generate persistent cognitive benefits, and increased longevity for up to five years in Alzheimer's patients.
A new neuroimaging study reveals brain patterns that differentiate between men and women are less pronounced in non-heterosexual people. The differences occurred primarily in sensory processing areas of the brain, in particular areas associated with visual processing. Researchers say the brain differences could be linked to a genetic predisposition for same-sex sexual behaviors. The study reveals a neurobiological basis for same-sex attractions.
People with subclinical ADHD symptoms are more vulnerable to the effects of sleep deprivation and showed greater impairment in both attentional regulation and emotional control following sleep loss than those without ADHD.