A novel protein folding mechanism in the endoplasmic reticulum is essential for long-term memory storage. This mechanism is impaired in tau-models of Alzheimer's disease, but restoring the protein folding mechanism reverses memory impairment associated with dementia.
A study of fruit flies reveals how the insects retain neural circuits for certain motor functions while their edge on other functions declines as a result of aging.
A diet rich in foods containing isoflavone, a plant-based compound found in legumes, chickpeas, and peanuts, that resembles estrogen, protects against multiple sclerosis symptoms in mouse models.
People with bipolar disorder who also suffer PTSD following trauma, or who have a genetic predisposition to PTSD may be at greater risk for death by suicide.
Infants produce sleep spindles every 10 second, whether in REM or non-REM sleep. Sleep spindles and twitching are synchronized, allowing for twitch reactions to occur during non-REM sleep in infants.
Damage to highly connected regions of white matter in the brain following injury is more predictive of cognitive impairment than damage to highly connected gray matter hubs.
Psychologists have developed a 12-point list of sexual assault prevention strategies aimed at reducing the risk of college-aged males embarking on sexually aggressive or risky sexual behaviors.
Terazosin, a medication prescribed to treat enlarged prostate, was associated with a lower risk of developing Parkinson's disease.
FGF21, a hormone created in the liver in response to increased levels of sugar, acts in the brain to suppress sugar intake and controls the preference for sweet-tasting foods.
Using EEG, researchers have identified smaller spikes in the P3 brain wave is associated with aggressive behavior in young children. The findings could help to diagnose toddlers with aggressive tendencies before their behaviors become ingrained, researchers say.
A new study reports older people are less likely to recognize they have made errors than younger people.