Researchers have identified how two distinct areas of the developing brain communicate and report REM sleep is key to this communication.
The subthalamic nucleus in the brain communicates with the motor system to help the body stop an action, researchers confirm.
A novel protein folding mechanism in the endoplasmic reticulum is essential for long-term memory storage. This mechanism is impaired in tau-models of Alzheimer's disease, but restoring the protein folding mechanism reverses memory impairment associated with dementia.
Infants produce sleep spindles every 10 second, whether in REM or non-REM sleep. Sleep spindles and twitching are synchronized, allowing for twitch reactions to occur during non-REM sleep in infants.
Researchers have identified two distinct brain regions, one linked to increased and the other with decreased depressive symptoms, associated with the location of brain injuries.
FGF21, a hormone created in the liver in response to increased levels of sugar, acts in the brain to suppress sugar intake and controls the preference for sweet-tasting foods.
Researchers report 11.25% of children with ASD have food allergies, significantly higher than the 4.25% of children who suffer allergies without an autism diagnosis. The study adds to the growing body of evidence linking immunological dysfunction as a possible risk factor for ASD.
A study of fruit flies reveals how the insects retain neural circuits for certain motor functions while their edge on other functions declines as a result of aging.
People with bipolar disorder who also suffer PTSD following trauma, or who have a genetic predisposition to PTSD may be at greater risk for death by suicide.
Silencing pyramidal neurons in the infralimbic cortex made rats more likely to relapse than those that underwent withdrawal from cocaine. The findings support growing evidence that the infralimbic cortex plays a vital role in suppressing addictive behaviors.