Researchers report children who underwent general anesthesia and surgery prior to the age of one showed decreased white matter volume and integrity.
Psychologists have developed a 12-point list of sexual assault prevention strategies aimed at reducing the risk of college-aged males embarking on sexually aggressive or risky sexual behaviors.
A study of fruit flies reveals how the insects retain neural circuits for certain motor functions while their edge on other functions declines as a result of aging.
Using EEG, researchers have identified smaller spikes in the P3 brain wave is associated with aggressive behavior in young children. The findings could help to diagnose toddlers with aggressive tendencies before their behaviors become ingrained, researchers say.
FGF21, a hormone created in the liver in response to increased levels of sugar, acts in the brain to suppress sugar intake and controls the preference for sweet-tasting foods.
The subthalamic nucleus in the brain communicates with the motor system to help the body stop an action, researchers confirm.
A diet rich in foods containing isoflavone, a plant-based compound found in legumes, chickpeas, and peanuts, that resembles estrogen, protects against multiple sclerosis symptoms in mouse models.
Damage to highly connected regions of white matter in the brain following injury is more predictive of cognitive impairment than damage to highly connected gray matter hubs.
Researchers have identified two distinct brain regions, one linked to increased and the other with decreased depressive symptoms, associated with the location of brain injuries.
Researchers report 11.25% of children with ASD have food allergies, significantly higher than the 4.25% of children who suffer allergies without an autism diagnosis. The study adds to the growing body of evidence linking immunological dysfunction as a possible risk factor for ASD.
A novel protein folding mechanism in the endoplasmic reticulum is essential for long-term memory storage. This mechanism is impaired in tau-models of Alzheimer's disease, but restoring the protein folding mechanism reverses memory impairment associated with dementia.