Researchers report children who underwent general anesthesia and surgery prior to the age of one showed decreased white matter volume and integrity.
Psychologists have developed a 12-point list of sexual assault prevention strategies aimed at reducing the risk of college-aged males embarking on sexually aggressive or risky sexual behaviors.
Using EEG, researchers have identified smaller spikes in the P3 brain wave is associated with aggressive behavior in young children. The findings could help to diagnose toddlers with aggressive tendencies before their behaviors become ingrained, researchers say.
FGF21, a hormone created in the liver in response to increased levels of sugar, acts in the brain to suppress sugar intake and controls the preference for sweet-tasting foods.
A diet rich in foods containing isoflavone, a plant-based compound found in legumes, chickpeas, and peanuts, that resembles estrogen, protects against multiple sclerosis symptoms in mouse models.
Damage to highly connected regions of white matter in the brain following injury is more predictive of cognitive impairment than damage to highly connected gray matter hubs.
Researchers report 11.25% of children with ASD have food allergies, significantly higher than the 4.25% of children who suffer allergies without an autism diagnosis. The study adds to the growing body of evidence linking immunological dysfunction as a possible risk factor for ASD.
A new study reports older people are less likely to recognize they have made errors than younger people.
Terazosin, a medication prescribed to treat enlarged prostate, was associated with a lower risk of developing Parkinson's disease.
Silencing pyramidal neurons in the infralimbic cortex made rats more likely to relapse than those that underwent withdrawal from cocaine. The findings support growing evidence that the infralimbic cortex plays a vital role in suppressing addictive behaviors.
Infants produce sleep spindles every 10 second, whether in REM or non-REM sleep. Sleep spindles and twitching are synchronized, allowing for twitch reactions to occur during non-REM sleep in infants.
People with bipolar disorder who also suffer PTSD following trauma, or who have a genetic predisposition to PTSD may be at greater risk for death by suicide.