INSR, a protein essential for insulin activity, plays a critical role in stem cell longevity. Additionally, inactivating INSR in glioblastoma brain cancer stem cells inhibits the growth of primitive tumor forming cells.
Grafting neurons derived from a monkey's own stem cells reversed the debilitating and mental health symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease. The treatment shows promise for alleviating the symptoms of Parkinson's in humans.
Brain organoids, or mini-brains, created from human stem cells appear to develop in much the same way as a human brain. The organoids follow an internal clock that guides their maturation in sync with the timeline for human brain development.
Mitochondria regulate how neural stem cells become neurons during brain development. The findings may help explain how humans developed larger brains during evolution and how mitochondrial defects lead to some neurodevelopmental disorders.
Researchers implanted specialized neural stem cell grafts directly into mice with spinal cord injuries. As the grafts grew, they integrated with and mimicked the animal's existing neural network.
The genes GRB10 and ABTB1 are influential in nutrient-sensing pathways and memory. Researchers say these genes may be the molecular links between diet, neural stem cell aging, and cognitive ability.
Researchers have created a new technique that can rapidly "print' two-dimensional arrays of cells and proteins that mimic a variety of cellular environments in the body.
The olfactory epithelium may be a hub for neurogenesis.