The answer to what makes the human brain unique may lie in junk DNA.
VNTR2-1, a recently identified region of DNA, appears to drive the activity of the telomerase gene. The telomerase gene has previously been found to prevent aging in specific cells.
Researchers reveal the role hundreds of miRNAs appear to play in modulating circadian rhythm.
Deactivation of the HERV-K gene may free stem cells to become neurons.
Study illuminates the role of non-coding mutations in autism spectrum disorder. Researchers say non-coding mutations may also shed light on an array of other neurological and health disorders.
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Using artificial intelligence, researchers discover mutations in noncoding regions of the human genome that may result in autism. The noncoding mutations are associated with altered gene regulation in children with ASD. Additionally, the mutations affect gene expression in the brain and genes already linked to autism, such as those responsible for neuron development and migration.
Researchers find possible markers for brain cancers in the neural crest.
Researchers discover a role for long noncoding RNA in brain development and neurodegenerative diseases.