The role exercise plays in maintaining insulin levels and BMI may help protect brain volume and stave off dementia in older adults.
Following injury or damage, insulin plays a key role in the maturation and regeneration of immature olfactory sensory neurons.
High levels of insulin during mid-childhood was linked to an increased risk of developing psychosis during early adulthood. Additionally, an increase in BMI during the onset of puberty, specifically in girls, was linked to an increased risk of depression.
While poor sleep can have some impact on metabolism, drinking coffee immediately after waking can harm glucose control. Strong black coffee consumed before breakfast increased blood glucose response to food by 50%.
Study in rats reveals sex differences may play a key role in the effectiveness of exercise as an appetite regulator. Exercising female rats ate more than those who did not partake in physical activity. The same effect was not seen in males.
The risk of severe complications, including death, from coronavirus, is almost 50% higher in those with diabetes than the general population. Although it is yet to be verified in humans, new findings suggest diabetes may not only be a risk factor for severe COVID-19, but the infection could result in causing new onset of diabetes due to the damage it causes to pancreatic beta cells.
Study sheds light on the role brain insulin plays in weight and visceral fat accumulation.
Soybean oil, the most consumed cooking oil in the US, has been linked to neurological and metabolic alterations in mice. Soybean oil-fed mice showed decreased levels of oxytocin in the hypothalamus.
A single insulin-like molecule produces in the nervous system of the marine mollusk Aplysia californica strengthens connections between neurons, enhancing long term memory.