A variant of the CHC22 gene evolved to help people adapt to the modern, higher sugar diet. However, many people still retain the older version of the genetic variant, which does not allow for correct metabolism of modern diets and may be linked to an increased risk of developing diabetes.
Preterm babies who were fed breastmilk had significantly higher levels of creatine and choline, key metabolites for brain growth and development, than those who were formula fed.
A new quantum sensor is able to automatically receive hydrogen when placed beneath a brain slice. Researchers say this could be the first step in creating a pathway that builds a computer device to store and transfer real memories, in essence, allowing for the 'upload' of memory.
Neuroimaging research from NIH/NIAAA provides a new method to characterize how brain activity relates to glucose consumption, which could help us understand how alcohol and other substances and activities affect our brains.
Researchers report different sleep schedules with the same amount of total sleep time impact the teenage brain differently. Those who nap in the afternoon, but sleep less at night, have higher levels of blood glucose than those who sleep longer at night, the study reports.
Researchers report bile acids play a key role in providing positive metabolic effects after weight loss surgery. The study also suggest the intestinal microbiome participates in post surgical improvements following gastric bypass. The findings could help develop new treatments for diabetes and obesity, researchers report.
A new machine learning algorithm was able to predict, with 98% accuracy, which patients would develop Alzheimer's disease, six years prior to diagnosis by analyzing PET brain scans.
A new study looks at the effect a Western style diet has on the gut microbiome. Researchers report both fructose and glucose block the production of Roc, a protein required for the colonization of beneficial bacteria in the gut.
According to researchers, being a night owl puts you at increased risk of health issues such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. One reasons why, researchers report, is those who stay away later at night have unhealthier eating patterns and diets.
For those who find it difficult to exercise, taking a hot bath can help improve inflammation and glucose levels, a new study reports.
A new method for studying the mircobiome has allowed researchers to identify a connection between metabolism in gut bacteria and the development of diabetes.
A new convolutional neural network uses PET brain scans to detect biological signs of Alzheimer's disease years before the symptoms appear, researchers report.