Inflammation caused by opioid use to both the brain and gut may exacerbate symptoms of negative emotions associated with withdrawal. Targeting the inflammation could help alleviate the negative experiences of opioid withdrawal and prevent dependence.
Projection neurons have been implicated in the progression of multiple sclerosis. A new study reports projection neurons are damaged by immune cells. This damage could contribute to both atrophy and cognitive changes associated with the disease.
Glial cells and radial astrocytes might control the decision to give up swimming against the current in Zebrafish.
Axolotl salamander genes that allow the neural tube and nerve fibers to regenerate after spinal cord damage have been identified. These genes are also found in humans, but are activated differently.
Researchers describe their findings about how the Foxg1 gene is involved in the development and differentiation of neurons and glial cells from stem cells.
Researchers have made a surprise discovery that could help provide treatment options for a range of conditions from Parkinson's disease to depression. Researching how to transform supportive brain cells into neurons, the scientists unexpectedly transformed mature inhibitory striatal neurons into dopamine producing neurons.
Researchers have discovered lymphatic vessels carry previously unknown messages from the brain to the immune system that triggers multiple sclerosis. Blocking the messages may provide new treatment options for the disease.
A new study reports some people with schizophrenia have increased numbers of immune cells in their brains. Researchers say the immune cells may be producing inflammatory signals in those with the condition.
Researchers say a novel enzyme treatment may reduce inflammation and scarring that prevents neural regeneration in spinal cord injury.
Researchers report specific alterations in signaling circuits associated with memory can induce an abnormal response in neurons, which is linked to the aging process and cognitive decline.
A new study reveals proteins in the brain are replaced at different rates, depending on their location. The findings could shed light on how the components of different cells are altered, and how this can impact memory formation.