Researchers identify genetic variations in the prefrontal cortex during different stages of development to assess how psychiatric conditions, such as autism and schizophrenia, may arise in individuals.
Tenacity, a newly developed video game that promotes mindfulness, alters connectivity between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the inferior parietal cortex. These areas of the brain are critical for attention. After playing the game for a short period, participants reported improvements in attention.
Reduced gray matter volume in the insula and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may represent a genetically conferred predispositional risk factor for alcohol use disorder.
Mothers who reported higher levels of parental stress had less synchrony in brain activity with their young children than moms who were more stress-free. The findings shed new light on how parental stress can impact the mother-child relationship on a day-to-day basis.
Gene expression rhythms in the brains of those with schizophrenia are highly disrupted a new study reports. The expression of genes is significantly different in those with schizophrenia who died at night compared to the general population. The findings provide new insight into a potential mechanism that underlies gene expression in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in those with schizophrenia.
Study evaluates the effects of regular cannabis use on cortical dopamine function in youth at high risk of psychosis.
A new neuroimaging study provides an insight into the neurobiology of those willing to commit terrorist acts. Researchers consider the psychological and social factors which also contribute to radicalization, and discuss how inclusive societies could help in the fight against political violence.
Neuroimaging reveals lower activation in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and angular gyrus in teenage girls with conduct disorder. Findings suggest that a reduction in prefrontal brain regions and functional connectivity during effortful emotional regulations contribute to behaviors associated with antisocial behavior in teenage girls.
Applying repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the prefrontal cortex helps improve performance in working memory tasks for both young and older subjects. The findings could provide a potential new treatment option for those suffering from Alzheimer's disease and other memory-related problems.