Using electroacupuncture, researchers stimulated the vagus-adrenal axis to induce secretion of dopamine from chromaffin cells in the adrenal glands. Mice exposed to this treatment had lower levels of three types of inflammation-inducing cytokines and improved survival chances over those who did not receive electroacupuncture. Animals treated with the method immediately before they developed cytokine storms experienced lower levels of inflammation during their disease and an increase in survival odds from 20% to 80%.
A new study reveals a potential link between REM sleep behavior disorder and an increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease. Researchers say the sleep disorder alters cerebral blood flow, leading to a lack of oxygen in brain tissue. This, in the long term, may increase Parkinson's risk.
Subtle changes in fractal motor activity regulation in cognitively healthy women may be a sign of preclinical Alzheimer's disease, researchers report.
SIRT1 was again found to be important in learning and memory for mice, but boosting SIRT1 above the normal levels of expression did not lead to an improvement in learning and memory.
Measuring fetal head growth during pregnancy could help doctors identify which children are at risk of ASD. Researchers found fetuses with narrower heads during mid-gestation are more likely to be diagnosed with autism during childhood. The head development abnormalities appear to be sex-specific, with males and females showing different head shapes. Additionally, the head abnormalities appear to be related to the severity of ASD symptoms.
Researchers find a gene variant which could cause some people to be more impaired by TBI than others.
Egocentric bias in emotional understanding occurs irrespective of age or context. The bias is stronger in young children.
Report supports earlier studies linking acetaminophen exposure in utero with a higher risk of later diagnosis of ADHD and ASD.
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Combing gait data from multiple sclerosis patients with machine learning, researchers have developed a new tool to monitor and predict disease progression.