Neuroimaging study revealed a significant number of professional rugby players had white matter abnormalities and abnormal changes to white matter volume over time.
Axonal swelling in the Purkinje cells of mice had no detrimental impact on firing rate or the speed at which axons transmit signals. At peak firing rate, axons with swellings were less likely to fail than those without.
At the site of injury, nerves release a protein called CXCL12 which attracts growing nerve fibers and keeps them trapped in place. This prevents the nerve fibers from growing in the correct direction to bridge the injury site.
A new map of the basal ganglia provides a blueprint of the structure of the brain region and reveals a new level of influence connected to this area.
Glial cells not only control the speed of nerve conduction, but they also influence the precision of signal transduction.
A preclinical study reports Schwann cells assist injured axons by releasing protective sugars. The findings have positive implications for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases like ALS.
Enhancing mitochondrial transportation and cellular energetics could help promote regeneration and function following spinal cord injury.
Researchers have developed a new method of measuring axons using MRI neuroimaging.
A single neuron, through its axon, is capable of simultaneously producing different effects in separate areas of the cerebral cortex.