Researchers have developed a new method of measuring axons using MRI neuroimaging.
A single neuron, through its axon, is capable of simultaneously producing different effects in separate areas of the cerebral cortex.
Study identifies rare brain cell types that are unique to male mice, and others that are unique to females. The cells were discovered in the hypothalamus, a region of the brain that governs both aggression and mating behaviors.
A new study implicated interneurons and pyramidal cells in the ability of a seizure to spread through the brain.
Severed axonal segments signal to Schwann cells to begin actin sphere formation and axon disintegration. If the process is disrupted, axon disintegration is slowed and axon fragments impair nerve regeneration.
Schwann cells are much more prolific in generating myelin than previously believed. Knocking out the fbxw7 gene in mouse models, researchers discovered individual Schwann cells began to spread myelin across many axons.
Axon myelination is significantly disrupted in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Researchers also found brain cells of men and women vary significantly in how their genes respond to the neurodegenerative disease.
The secretory pathway delivery of cannabinoid type 1 receptor is axonally based, and surface expressed CB1R is more stable in axons than dendrites.