Study identifies a new "seeding" process in neurons that could be a cause of dementia and Alzheimer's disease.
Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy may explain why males are three times more likely to be diagnosed with ASD than girls. The study reports prenatal vitamin d deficiency increases testosterone in the developing male brain.
Study found genes implicated in cattle temperament contribute to neural developmental functions and are differentially expressed in the human brain. Some ASD related genes are associated with cattle temperament.
Researchers identified a specific neural network that positively responds to melatonin following concussion in children. Results suggest melatonin may help compensate for normal brain function that has been interrupted due to injury caused by concussion and helps prevent sleep disturbances.
Children who experience emotional, mental health, and social problems are more likely to have higher levels of genetic vulnerability for depression as adults. Researchers also identified a higher genetic vulnerability for insomnia, body mass index, and neuroticism. 50% of children with disorders such as ADHD continue to experience mental health problems as they enter adulthood.
Six potential drug candidates have been identified as candidates to treat COVID-19 infections. The drugs, which have previously been subjected to clinical trials for treating a range of conditions, from arthritis to cancer, target Mpro, the main SARS-CoV-2 enzyme.
The first MRI-based mapping of the squid brain yields 145 new connections and pathways, 60% of which are linked to the motor and visual systems. The new brain map brings researchers one step closer to understanding how the squid can instantly camouflage itself.