A new study expands the understanding of how brain cells communicate. Researchers discovered reversing the modification of molecular messages at the synapse may contribute to reversible psychiatric disorders and early-stage neurodegenerative diseases.
The planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway appears to play a significant role in the formation and maintenance of a large number of synapses.
Researchers identified key alterations in gene expression and structure of the developing human brain that makes it unique among other animal species.
Study identifies the main components driving amyloid beta-associated synaptic degeneration.
Thrombospondin-2, a protein with cell adhesion properties usually secreted by astrocytes, prompted a strong increase in synapses in male-derived neurons but showed no effect in females.
Study sheds new light on the role noncoded RNAs play at the synapse.
Findings shed new light on how the brain wires during development.
A new theory of memory visualizes the brain as an organic super-computer that runs complex binary code with neurons acting like mechanical computers. The theory is based on the discovery of the protein molecule, talin, which contains switch-like domains that change shape in response to pressure in mechanical force by a cell.
Prolonged anesthesia significantly alters the synaptic architecture of the brain, regardless of age.