Children who learn to play musical instruments have an edge over their non-musical peers when it comes to learning, memory, and attention. Those who learn musical instruments showed greater activity in the inferior frontal gyrus and the supramarginal gyrus, which are parts of the "phonological loop". The phonological loop is associated with working memory involved in auditory processing. Researchers say learning an instrument also has positive implications on creativity and quality of life overall for children.
Study reveals two different brain structures are implicated in implicit and explicit theory of mind, and both regions mature at different ages to fulfill their function. The supramarginal gyrus matures earlier, enabling theory of mind to occur slightly earlier than believed. Full ability for theory of mind occurs at age four when the temporoparietal junction matures.
Shorter sleep duration can increase the risk of children developing depression, anxiety, and cognitive problems. Children who routinely suffered sleep disruptions or shorter sleep durations had reduced brain volume in the orbitofrontal cortex, prefrontal cortex, precuneus, supramarginal gyrus, and temporal cortex.
According to researchers, bilingual people and trained musicians utilize fewer resources in their brains while completing working memory tasks. As their brains require less effort to perform tasks, researchers speculate this could protect them from the onset of cognitive decline.
Researchers find brain regions that process syntax aren't limited to language alone.