Core neurons in the lateral parabrachial nucleus project to the amygdala, an area of the brain associated with fear and emotional processing of pain. Neurons in the shell project to the pre-Bötzinger complex, a region that generates breathing rhythm. Both core and shell neurons influence each other according to inputs from each area, increasing breathing rate when we are in pain or anxious.
Researchers have found a direct connection between flavan 3-ols consumption and fat browning by activation in the sympathetic nervous system. The findings could help in the development of new treatments for obesity-related disorders.
A new study reveals the mechanisms by which neurons and astrocytes work together to form synapses.
Researchers have identified how specific neurons in the cuneate nucleus help filter distracting information to coordinate dexterous movements. The findings have implications for the development of new prosthetics and robotic equipment that can fine-tune movement based on the sense of touch.
Collaborative work on the brain atlas describes how different cells are organized and connected throughout the mouse brain. Understanding what differentiates brain cells can lead to new research and potential therapies for brain disorders.
Microglia creates dense-core plaques which help to clear away more wispy plaques from neurons, preventing cell death. Findings suggest the dense-core plaques play a defensive role in protecting the brain from the ravages of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's.
Researchers have identified a strain of E.coli in the guts of female mice that cause them to neglect their offspring. The study shows a direct link between the microbiome and maternal behavior.