A lack of oxygen as a result of preterm birth does not cause hippocampal neurons to die but does impair hippocampal development. Hypoxia causes hippocampal cells to fail to mature normally, causing a reduction in long-term potentiation and impaired learning.
Music specially composed for preterm babies helps strengthen the development of neural networks and may help to limit neurodevelopmental delays often experienced by those born prematurely.
A new study reveals caffeine therapy appears to have benefits for healthy brain development in children born prematurely. Researchers report preterm babies given caffeine therapy had better cognitive scores, reduced odds of cerebral palsy and less hearing impairments as toddlers.
Measuring and monitoring the circumference of a preterm baby's head could help to predict intelligence later in life and identify potential neurocognitive problems. Researchers report faster head growth is linked to higher IQ scores at age 26.
A new study reports babies born prematurely show better brain development when fed breast milk rather than formula.
A new study reports babies born early in the third trimester of pregnancy are more likely to show delayed development of the auditory cortex.
A new study reveals premature babies may suffer from severe abnormalities of the thalamus, especially if they are born before 28 weeks gestation.
A new deep learning algorithm can interpret EEG data from preterm babies and estimate the child's brain functional maturity, researchers report.
A Neuroimaging study, conducted by King's College London researchers, reveals accelerated brain aging during adulthood for those born very prematurely. Researchers noted those born preterm tended to have smaller global gray matter volume and some brain structure changes in areas associate with spatial abilities and behavior control in adulthood.
An important new study reveals breast feeding not only helps pass immunity onto infants and reduces the risk of obesity, it can also help preterm babies develop more robust white matter.