Repeatedly listening to personally meaningful music induced brain plasticity and improved cognitive function for patients with mild cognitive impairment and early-stage Alzheimer's disease.
Cortical thinning over time was associated with bipolar patients who experienced more manic episodes. The changes were most evident in the prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain associated with emotional control and executive function.
How do we make decisions during times when we are uncertain? A new study may have clues. Researchers identified a specific set of neurons that prevent the brain from using unreliable information when faced with decision-making.
In mice, protein lactylation occurs in neurons and is correlated with lactate levels. Protein lactylation is enhanced by neural excitation and social stress. Researchers found social stress specifically enhances lysine lactylation of histone H1 proteins.
The planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway appears to play a significant role in the formation and maintenance of a large number of synapses.
Study found structural differences in the prefrontal cortex and brain areas associated with empathy and cognitive control, between siblings where one displayed antisocial behaviors and the other did not.
People with bipolar disorder who experience frequent manic episodes had faster cortical thinning, specifically in the prefrontal cortex than those who reported less frequent episodes of mania. Researchers also noted faster enlargement of the brain's ventricles and slower thinking of the parahippocampal and fusiform cortical regions in those who experienced more frequent mania.
Researchers identified key alterations in gene expression and structure of the developing human brain that makes it unique among other animal species.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) applied to the left prefrontal cortex can improve episodic memory performance by reducing the power of low frequency of brain waves during memory formation.
Reduced activity in the prefrontal cortex during virtual reality creative self-expression tasks indicates an enhanced relaxation response.
Findings shed new light on the role the prefrontal cortex plays in sensory processing and perception.
Study reports a significant number of people with Parkinson's disease have precise deficits when learning from instructions. Researchers say the problems are associated with differences in brain function.