Neurons in the infralimbic cortex control the link between food cues and behavioral actions, such as overeating or bad food choices. When these neurons are regulated, the rat models consumed fewer treats.
Neuroimaging study reveals obesity may contribute towards neural tissue vulnerability in Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers say maintaining a healthy weight could help preserve brain structure for those in the early stages of Alzheimer’s.
B. longum APC1472 reduces blood glucose levels and reduces weight gain in mouse models. The bacteria also keep ghrelin, a hormone associated with hunger, and the stress hormone cortisol in check.
Drinking water can suppress the vasopressin hormone receptor, mitigating obesity and metabolic syndrome in mice.
Diet-induced changes to the reward system and innate differences may predispose mice to over-eating.
Researchers have identified an association between antibiotics administered to children aged two and under, and an increased risk of ongoing conditions ranging from ADHD to obesity. Children exposed to numerous courses of antibiotics as toddlers were more likely to be diagnosed with continuous conditions later in childhood. The study speculates that while antibiotics may only have a transient effect on the developing microbiome, this may have an impact on long-term illness.
Obesity isn't just bad for physical health. Being overweight can have a significant impact on neurological health too. Researchers identified a link between obesity and reduced brain plasticity. Brain plasticity impairment could lead to cognitive and learning deficits in those suffering from obesity.
Prenatal diet could increase the risk of unhealthy eating and obesity in the offspring, a new study reports. Pregnant mice fed high omega-6 and low omega-3 diets were more likely to have offspring that were more inclined to consume hyper-caloric foods, increasing their risk of obesity.
Persistent obesity from young adulthood to middle age is linked to an increased risk of mortality. The risk is reduced if people lose weight from being obese to overweight between early adulthood and middle age.
Maternal obesity may hinder their child's brain development as soon as the second trimester of pregnancy. High maternal BMI is associated with changes to the child's prefrontal cortex and anterior insula, two brain areas associated with decision making, and behavior.