Two mouse genes that were left behind by viral infections millions of years ago have evolved to help defend the brain against new infections.
Breastfeeding has a positive effect on postnatal depression and bonding between mothers and their babies. Breastfeeding also has positive implications for neuroprotection in babies of depressed mothers.
The inhibition of GCK-IV kinases leads to robust neuroprotection while permitting axon regeneration. The findings could lead to new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases.
Bilirubin, a bile pigment most commonly associated with jaundice in newborns, appears to have neuroprotective properties. A new study in mice reveals bilirubin may protect the brain against oxidative stress.
A healthy and diverse microbiome is essential for quickly clearing viral infections in the nervous system to prevent risks associated with multiple sclerosis. Mice with lower gut bacteria had weaker immune responses and were unable to eliminate viruses, leading to worsening paralysis. Those treated with antibiotics before infection had fewer microglia.
Vascular cell loss results in neuron loss, researchers report. However, pericytes secrete a substance that helps protect neurons, even when vascular cell degeneration begins to occur.
A new study finds wine-derived human gut metabolites may have neuroprotective capabilities.