Researchers have discovered a previously unidentified component of brain anatomy that acts as both a protective barrier and a platform by which immune cells monitor the brain for signs of inflammation and infection.
Verbal IQ, overall IQ, and brain volume are lower in children with type 1 diabetes than in their peers without the disorder. Researchers believe the cognitive and brain development differences are associated with hyperglycemia.
Researchers identified several brain areas that acted as hubs for information processing across brain networks that contribute to memory recall. They observed how activation patterns within these networks differed on an individual level, based on personal levels of recall detail and imagination.