Study reveals the extinction of larger animals led to an increase in the volume of the human brain, and ultimately the development of language in early humans.
A new genetic study reveals the evolution of longevity and larger brains in capuchin monkeys.
Verbal IQ, overall IQ, and brain volume are lower in children with type 1 diabetes than in their peers without the disorder. Researchers believe the cognitive and brain development differences are associated with hyperglycemia.
A new automated method can identify and track the development of tau deposits in the brain. The method could lead to an earlier diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.
Mapping perivascular spaces over life-span will help researchers better understand brain aging and cognitive decline.
Chiari 1 malformation, a common brain disorder, appears to be caused to two genetic mutations associated with brain development.
Researchers identified several brain areas that acted as hubs for information processing across brain networks that contribute to memory recall. They observed how activation patterns within these networks differed on an individual level, based on personal levels of recall detail and imagination.
Structural and functional coupling in visual areas of the mouse brain can be detected at sub-cellular resolution in vitro.
People with schizotypal traits exhibited increased structural connectivity probability within the task control network and default mode network. They also had increased variability and decreased stability of functional connectivity within the DMN and between the auditory and subcortical networks.
Researchers identified a specific neural network that positively responds to melatonin following concussion in children. Results suggest melatonin may help compensate for normal brain function that has been interrupted due to injury caused by concussion and helps prevent sleep disturbances.
Analysis of over 2,000 brain scans revealed evidence of highly reproducible sex differences in the volume of different regions of the brain. On average, females had greater cortical volume in the medial and lateral prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal cortex, superior temporal cortex, and lateral parietal cortex. Males had increased volume in the ventral temporal and occipital brain regions. Gene expression data suggest the potential role of sex chromosomes that contribute to the differences.
Using a novel imaging technique, researchers produce a whole mouse brain atlas, which reveals how alcohol addiction, and abstinence, alter the functional architecture of the brain.