Researchers have identified an association between antibiotics administered to children aged two and under, and an increased risk of ongoing conditions ranging from ADHD to obesity. Children exposed to numerous courses of antibiotics as toddlers were more likely to be diagnosed with continuous conditions later in childhood. The study speculates that while antibiotics may only have a transient effect on the developing microbiome, this may have an impact on long-term illness.
Researchers explore the close relationship between depression and pain. For some people, unexplained symptoms of pain, such as back or headaches, could be an early indicator of depression before mood changes occur.
The sensitivity of current RT-PCR testing for COVID-19 and overall test performance characteristics have not been reported clearly or consistently in medical literature. Researchers say doctors should expect a less visible second wave of coronavirus infections from people with false-negative test results.
Performing in utero surgery on babies to repair spina bifida related defects between 23 and 26 weeks of gestation triggered the restoration of normal brain structure.
A global knockout of the thrombin receptor PAR1 accelerates myelin development. The findings could help with the development of treatments for diseases associated with demyelination, like multiple sclerosis.
Cardiorespiratory exercise improves gray matter volume in areas of the brain associated with age-related cognitive decline. The findings add weight to the previous studies which link physical activity to neuroprotection against age-related cognitive decline.
Those who own dogs may have a boost when it comes to cardiovascular health. Researchers found pet owners report better physical wellbeing than those who don't own a pet. Dog owners had a significant improvement in cardiovascular health, physical fitness, and diet over owners of other types of pets.
According to researchers, obese mice have increased levels of senescent cells in their brains, and these cells contribute to anxiety. Using senolytics to clear the cells helps to reduce anxiety related behaviors.
Researchers report senescent, or Zombie, cells accumulate in certain neurons prior to cognitive loss. By preventing accumulation of these cells, researchers were able to diminish apoptosis, memory loss and tau aggregation.