People with the APOE4 genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease also have lower levels of the CRP inflammatory molecules in their spinal fluid. Researchers speculate these inflammatory molecules may be accumulating in the brain and causing damage, rather than floating freely in cerebrospinal fluid.
6-gingerol, the main bioactive compound of ginger root, appears to counteract mechanisms that fuel autoimmune disorders such as lupus and antiphospholipid syndrome in mice.
A new study reveals why women are more likely to develop autoimmune conditions like lupus and Sjögren's syndrome, and men are more likely to develop schizophrenia. Researchers implicated the C4 gene in sex-based risk factors for autoimmune and psychiatric disorders.
A key finding in the origins of lupus has been discovered. In those with systemic lupus erythematosus, B cells are abnormally activated. This results in the production of antibodies which react against the patient's own tissue, causing a range of symptoms including rashes, joint pain, and fatigue.
Pregnancy Compensation Hypothesis may explain why women are more prone to developing autoimmune diseases, like multiple sclerosis and lupus, than men.
Researchers have developed small molecules that inhibit one of the main enzymes implicated in autoimmune response. The research could lead to potential new medications for a range of autoimmune diseases.
Rare gene variants BLK and BANK1 are present in a substantial percentage of people with Lupus. The genetic variants suppress 1RF5 and type-1 1Fn in B cells, causing dysfunction in the immune cells.
Chronic social stress in mice induces the expression of virulent genes in the gut microbiota. The altered microbiota increases the presence of effector T helper cells in the lymph nodes and induces myelin autoreactive cells. Exposure to chronic stress, therefore, may increase the risk of developing autoimmune diseases for some individuals with a susceptibility.
Skin cells may hold the key to explaining why women are more prone to developing autoimmune diseases, such as lupus than men. Researchers found women have more VGLL3 in their skin cells than men. VGLL3 pushes the immune system into overdrive, resulting in the 'self-attacking' autoimmune response, the mouse study revealed. Findings strongly implicate VGLL3 as a pivotal catalyst in sex-based autoimmunity.