Assessing a child's exposure to air pollution on a monthly basis from conception to the age of 8.5, researchers found the greater the exposure to air pollution before the age of 5, the greater the alteration in brain structure by preadolescence.
Neuroimaging study reveals those with anorexia have noticeable reductions in cortical thickness, subcortical volume, and cortical surface area. The reductions are between 2 to 4 times larger than abnormalities in brain size and shape in those with other mental illnesses.
Neuroimaging study reveals those suffering from Gulf War Syndrome who experience chronic pain have increased volume in brain areas associated with pain processing and smaller volume in areas associated with pain regulation.
Lower gray matter volume in the brain is indicative of a higher risk of developing mental health disorders including depression and psychosis. However, those with slightly greater gray matter volume were more likely to recover from their disorders. Researchers believe reduced gray matter volume may be linked to higher levels of inflammation, reduced concentration, and other cognitive impairments associated with disorders like schizophrenia.
Children with binge eating disorders have differences in gray matter density compared to their peers who do not experience overeating disorders.
Learning a new language or playing a musical instrument has a positive impact on cognitive function in the aging brain, researchers report.
A new technique allowed researchers to evaluate the distribution of lithium levels in the human brain. Findings revealed those without depression had significantly more lithium in the brain's white matter than in gray matter. By contrast, those with depression or suicidal ideations had more balanced distribution of lithium in both white and gray matter.