Early exposure to language, whether it's vocalized or sign language, assists with normal brain development in children, researchers report.
Researchers have identified four cognitive profiles associated with menopause. Findings reveal women who experience stronger verbal learning and memory, in addition to better attention and executive function during menopause, are less likely to experience hot flashes and depression. Women who experienced cognitive weakness had an increased risk of depression and sleep disruptions.
Researchers reveal the neurobiological basis of why we often find it more difficult to find the right words as we age.
Orienting and executive inhibition, two key brain functions associated with attending to new information and focusing on important aspects of a situation, can improve in older individuals. These functions underlie aspects of cognition, including memory and decision making, and even navigation, math, and language.
Preterm birth was associated with a profound reduction in connectivity between multiple brain regions and with the reconfiguration of the organization of functional brain networks.
Cognitive symptoms such as problems with memory and executive function, but not mood or motor disorders, were associated with CTE pathology. The findings advance the ability to diagnose CTE in living people. Until now, post mortem analysis was the only reliable method to detect CTE.
A new theory proposes executive function, or the ability to control your behavior, might not exist just within the mind. External influences may dictate the development of internal control.
People who actively communicate in two or more languages may have a lower risk of cognitive decline associated with aging.
Researchers implicate the inferior frontal junction area in controlling behavior and executive function.
A new study reports bilingualism may have a positive effect on brain aging, specifically when it comes to executive function. The findings of this study contradict other research, suggesting bilingualism does have a protective effect against cognitive decline in aging.
Participating in a variety of daily activities can enhance cognitive function in adults.
Using a modified story memory technique, people with multiple sclerosis showed improvements in learning and memory. Additionally, fMRI neuroimaging revealed changes in brain activity related to working memory and word encoding.