The autonomic nervous system and cortical systems function similarly in low-risk newborns whether they experienced labor and natural birth or were born via elective cesarean section. However, those who were delivered via C-Section following long periods of labor had increased accelerations in heart rate and lower gamma frequency EEG a day after birth than the other two groups.
Preterm babies who were fed breastmilk had significantly higher levels of creatine and choline, key metabolites for brain growth and development, than those who were formula fed.
Disruptions in the supply of allopregnanolone, a hormone created by the placenta late in pregnancy, to the developing fetus can leave children more vulnerable to brain injuries associated with ASD. Losing the supply of ALLO alters cerebellar development, an area of the brain critical for motor coordination and social cognition, impacting the post-birth development of cerebellar white matter. An experimental model revealed deficient cerebellar white matter resulted in social impairments and an increase in repetitive behaviors, two hallmark features associated with autism.
Researchers report a mutation of PAC1R may be linked to the severity of social deficits experienced by those on the autism spectrum. The findings could serve as a biomarker to guide interventions and predict better outcomes for children with ASD.
New fMRI techniques could help assess, diagnose and treat epilepsy in children.
Researchers report utilizing both ultrasound and MRI technology can help doctors to identify fetal brain abnormalities caused by maternal exposure to the Zika virus.
While girls on the autism spectrum generally exhibit better social and communication skills than autistic boys, they tend to have more challenges with planning and organization, a new study reports.
An important new study reveals breast feeding not only helps pass immunity onto infants and reduces the risk of obesity, it can also help preterm babies develop more robust white matter.
A new study reports Sirt1 can help glial cells to regenerate from progenitor cells in preterm babies with hypoxia related injuries.