Pnoc neurons in the paranigral ventral tegmental area become active when mice seek rewards. Stimulating these neurons with optogenetics promotes avoidance behaviors. Researchers say ventral tegmental area dopamine neuron NOPR expression is necessary to limit reward-seeking behavior.
Researchers have identified a set of neurons, located in a region of the hypothalamus, that may be the switch that turns the brain off, allowing for sleep. The neurons are also tied to body temperature regulation.
Researchers have developed a new, non surgical method to manipulate brain circuitry. The technique uses sound waves in combination with small bubble injections into the blood stream that temporarily opens the blood-brain barrier.
Researchers have identified a mechanism that helps rouse the brains of mice suffering from simulated sleep apnea. The findings could help develop new treatments for people with obstructive sleep apnea and provide new insights into SIDS.
Researchers report axon regeneration can be boosted by using optogenetics or chemogenetics to enhance neural activity.
Findings could help researchers develop new treatments for stressed induced anxiety and other disorders.
A new, non-invasive technique helps researchers to modulate neurons.
A new study points to previously understudied area of the brain as essential for forming the basis of contextual memory.