Researchers have identified a specific form of autism marked by the presence of an excessive amount of synapses in the cerebral cortex. The abnormality may be linked to aberrant mTOR protein activity, a regulator of synapse production.
Researchers have identified a neural circuit that regulates threat response in mice.
New findings reinforce the idea that dementia with Lewy bodies can be pathologically classified as two different and distinct disease types.
Brain structure and mood improve when people spend time outdoors. This has positive implications for concentration, memory, and overall psychological wellbeing.
Combining EEG data and MRI brain scans, researchers discovered how, during sleep, the hippocampus sends memory information it has stored throughout the day to the cerebral cortex, allowing for memory consolidation.
Researchers have identified three areas of the posterior cerebral cortex that bridge the brain's perception and memory systems.
Apoptosis plays a critical role in brain development as it influences the thickness of layers in the cerebral cortex, variety, and layer cell density. Alterations in how cells perform division and apoptosis lead to the development of abnormal cortical structures as seen in a variety of neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism.
People with depression often experience problems with visual perception. Researchers report issues with visual perception are likely linked to information processing differences in the cerebral cortex.