New collaborative studies shed light on the organization of cells in key areas of the mouse brain and the organization of transcriptome, epigenomic, and regulatory factors that provide the brain cells with purpose and function.
Almost half of the identified human accelerated regions of the genome appear to act as neurodevelopment enhancers, researchers say. The findings shed new light on the genetic basis of human evolution.
Axonal swelling in the Purkinje cells of mice had no detrimental impact on firing rate or the speed at which axons transmit signals. At peak firing rate, axons with swellings were less likely to fail than those without.
The cerebellum underwent evolutionary changes that may have contributed to the development of language, culture, and tool use in humans, a new study reveals.
The effects of intoxication, such as slurred speech and poor coordination, are a result of the breakdown of alcohol products in the brain and not the liver.
Study sheds light on the brain chemistry involved in attention loss when a person drinks alcohol.
Disrupted cannabinoid signaling impairs learning by altering behavioral states.
High resolution imaging reveals the human cerebellum is 80% of the area of the cortex. The findings indicate this area of the brain likely grew larger as human behavior and cognition evolved.
Cortical thickness and regional brain connectivity pay an equally important role in linking brain and behavior.