Early memory skills predict the strength of future neural connections, and the strength of early brain connections predict future memory acuity.
An imbalance in gut bacteria can cause the reduction of some metabolites, resulting in depression-like symptoms. The findings contribute to the growing body of evidence for the role the microbiome plays in brain function and mental health.
Structural and functional coupling in visual areas of the mouse brain can be detected at sub-cellular resolution in vitro.
Light to moderate weekly alcohol consumption during middle age could help preserve brain function as we get older. Compared to non-drinkers, those who had a drink or two a day tended to have better performance on cognitive tests over time.
Researchers are looking to transcribe the brain's complex dynamics into new data models that can help better the understanding of the human brain and cognition.
Having a parent with an alcohol use disorder affects how your brain transitions between active and resting states, regardless of your own drinking habits.
Prenatal opioid use significantly alters the way the amygdala connects to different brain regions in children.
Propranolol, a common 'beta-blocker' drug used to control blood pressure, could be a promising new treatment for those on the autism spectrum. The medication improved cognitive performance and positively altered the frontal-parietal control network, an area of the brain associated with word and information processing, in those with ASD.
It is well documented that professional boxing causes neurological impairment. A new study reveals routine sparring can cause short term impairments in brain-muscle communication and a decrease in memory performance.
Short bursts of exercise, equivalent to a pick-up game of basketball, boosts the function of a gene that increases dendritic spines in the hippocampus, helping to improve memory and learning.