Summary: A new study reveals why most people prefer to cradle a baby on the left side.
Researchers assumed one reason for left side cradling preference is that emotions are primarily processed in the right hemisphere of the brain, which is linked to the left side of the body. The team led by lead author Julian Packheiser reports in the journal Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews on 26 June 2019.
First study from 1960
International researchers have been investigating since 1960 whether and why people have a preferred side when cradling a baby. Some studies have demonstrated a preference, others have not.
“In order to explain the effect, we looked for all of the studies we could find on this topic,” says Julian Packheiser. The Bochum-based researchers included 40 studies in their analysis.
They ultimately found that between 66 and 72 percent of all people hold an infant with their left arm. For right-handed people, the number is even higher at 74 percent, while it is only 61 percent for left-handed people. The ratio is similar for men and women: 64 percent of all men and 73 percent of all women hold a baby with their left arm.
“There may, of course, be links between gender and handedness,” explains Packheiser. After all, men are 23 percent more likely to be left-handed than women.
“Unfortunately, this link has not been considered in any study,” says the researcher.
Emotions can be crucial
There has been much speculation about the reasons for the side preference. Perhaps right-handed people are only holding the baby on the left so that they have their right, more dexterous hand free. However, since emotions are primarily processed in the right hemisphere of the brain, people may also tend to move their baby into their left visual field, which is linked to the right hemisphere of the brain. This could be especially true for mothers who have already established a strong emotional bond with their child during pregnancy.
Regarding men, the researchers from Bochum are comparing the results of the analysis with their own study on hugs. During this study, they discovered that men who are uncomfortable hugging other men tend to hug each other from the left because of the strong negative emotions.
“Further studies would have to take into account the emotional context of holding babies,” says Julian Packheiser.
Funding: The work was funded by the German Research Foundation as part of the Research Training Group “Situated Cognition” (GRK 2185/1) and the grant OC 127/9-1.
Julian Packheiser – RUB
The image is in the public domain.
Original Research: Closed access
“Handedness and sex effects on lateral biases in human cradling: Three meta-analyses”. Julian Packheiser,Judith Schmitz, Gesa Berretz, Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Sebastian Ocklenburg.
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.06.035
Handedness and sex effects on lateral biases in human cradling: Three meta-analyses
The earliest form of social contact for a newborn is being cradled by its mother. This important behavior has been found to be lateralized to the left side by many, but not all empirical studies. Factors that have been suggested to modulate cradling asymmetry are handedness and sex. However, these factors have not been demonstrated consistently, possibly due to low sample sizes and inconsistent experimental paradigms. To address this issue, we used a meta-analytical approach to (1) quantify the widely reported leftward bias in human cradling and (2) identify moderating factors of the cradling bias such as handedness and sex. Across forty studies, we observed a leftward cradling bias showing that this effect is robust and replicable. Furthermore, we found that left-handers demonstrate a significantly less pronounced leftward bias compared to right-handers and that males are less lateralized compared to females. In conclusion, we could verify that parental handedness and sex contribute to a cradling population bias. Future studies examining genetic factors could illuminate the mechanism supporting a cradling bias.