The origin of the axon differs between primates and non-primates in the architecture of neurons, a new study reports.
Novel sensors made from modified carbon nanotubes can visualize the release of dopamine from neurons with unprecedented resolution.
A new theory suggests consciousness is a state tied to complex cognitive operations, and not a passive basic state that automatically prevails when we are awake.
H3 acetylation of basal neural precursor cells may have been an important factor in the evolution of the human neocortex.
Exercise has a two-fold effect on those with depression. Physical activity reduces symptoms of depression and increases the brain's ability to change, researchers report.
At the site of injury, nerves release a protein called CXCL12 which attracts growing nerve fibers and keeps them trapped in place. This prevents the nerve fibers from growing in the correct direction to bridge the injury site.
An increase in theta oscillations in the hippocampus help make learning and subsequent memory more efficient.