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Vision, Sensory and Motor Testing Could Predict Best Batters in Baseball

Summary: A study of 252 professional baseball players revealed those who scored higher on a series of computerized motor and visual tasks had better batting averages and fewer strikeouts than their peers with lower scores.

Source: Duke Health.

New research from Duke Health suggests baseball scouts looking for a consistent, conscientious hitter may find clues not only in their performance on the field, but also in front of a computer screen.

In a study of 252 baseball professionals published Jan. 8 in the journal Scientific Reports, Duke researchers found players with higher scores on a series of vision and motor tasks completed on large touch-screen machines called Nike Sensory Stations, had better on-base percentages, more walks and fewer strikeouts — collectively referred to as plate discipline — compared to their peers.

“There has been a data revolution in the game of baseball over the past decade with the introduction of technologies that track the speed and movement of every pitch, the location of players in the field, and other tools that can quantify player performance like never before,” said lead author Kyle Burris, a Duke statistician and Ph.D. candidate.

“In this study, we wanted to quantify the links between an athlete’s senses such as eyesight and motor control using task scores and game performance,” he said. “We found positive relationships between several tasks and performance for hitters, but not for pitchers.”

The players were on U.S. major and minor league teams. They used large touch-screen stations to complete nine exercises, many of them resembling two-dimensional video games where users track or touch flat shapes as they scoot across the screen.

The tasks test a person’s ability to glean information from a faint object or in a split second — akin to deciphering a pitcher’s grip the moment before he hurls an 80-mph curveball — plus skills such as reaction time and hand-eye coordination, said Burris, who will further his interest in baseball statistics this summer as an intern with the Cleveland Indians.

The researchers found that overall, better performance on tasks predicted better batting performance for measures of plate discipline, such as on-base percentage, strikeout rate and walk rate, but not slugging percentage or pitching statistics.

In particular, high scores on a perception-span task, which measured the player’s ability to remember and recreate visual patterns, were associated with an increased ability to get on base. High scores in hand-eye coordination and reaction time were associated with an increased ability to draw walks, while better scores in spatial recognition, such as the ability to shift attention between near and far targets, were associated with fewer strikeouts.

“We can’t say there’s a causal relationship between higher scores on the tasks and performance in games, but there was an association in the real-world data we evaluated,” Burris said. “Regardless, this information could be useful in scouting, as well providing possible training targets to improve on-field performance.”

a baseball bat

The researchers found that overall, better performance on tasks predicted better batting performance for measures of plate discipline, such as on-base percentage, strikeout rate and walk rate, but not slugging percentage or pitching statistics. NeuroscienceNews.com image is in the public domain.

Although research on the effectiveness of visual training for athletes is limited, sports teams have used the strategy for decades.

“The marketplace for devices had an early genesis in analog tools,” said cognitive neuroscientist L. Greg Appelbaum, Ph.D., the study’s senior author and associate professor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Duke. For example, trainers might challenge players to read words off a baseball being flung their way, or lead drills where players snap their attention from a close ball to one that’s far away, he said.

“In the past five years or so, we’ve moved to a digital realm where there are all kinds of new tools that provide new context for training, such as virtual reality, perceptual learning video games and brain training,” Appelbaum said. “The Sensory Station is one such device that can be used to link visual skills to on-field performance and provide information to individuals about how their skills compare to peers who might play the same sport and position at the same level.”

Scientists fiercely debate whether superior visual processing is hardwired, or whether it can be improved by training. Appelbaum and colleagues have recently launched the Duke Sports Vision Center, a clinic and lab where researchers will evaluate the effectiveness of visual training through technologies currently being used by professional athletes. The lab includes new versions of the sensory stations in the study (now made by Senaptec), immersive virtual reality and more.

About this neuroscience research article

In addition to Burris and Appelbaum, study authors include Kelly Vittetoe, Ben Ramger, Sunith Suresh, Surya Tokdar and Jerome Reiter.

Funding: The research was supported by the U.S. Army Research Office (W911NF-15-1-0390). The authors cited no conflicts of interest related to this article.

Source: Samiha Khanna – Duke Health
Publisher: Organized by NeuroscienceNews.com.
Image Source: NeuroscienceNews.com image is in the public domain.
Video Source: Video credited to Duke Health.
Original Research: Full open access research for “Sensorimotor abilities predict on-field performance in professional baseball” by Kyle Burris, Kelly Vittetoe, Benjamin Ramger, Sunith Suresh, Surya T. Tokdar, Jerome P. Reiter & L. Gregory Appelbaum in Scientific Reports. Published online January 8 2018 doi:10.1038/s41598-017-18565-7

Cite This NeuroscienceNews.com Article
Duke Health “Vision, Sensory and Motor Testing Could Predict Best Batters in Baseball.” NeuroscienceNews. NeuroscienceNews, 8 January 2018.
<http://neurosciencenews.com/vision-motor-sensory-baseball-8287/>.
Duke Health (2018, January 8). Vision, Sensory and Motor Testing Could Predict Best Batters in Baseball. NeuroscienceNews. Retrieved January 8, 2018 from http://neurosciencenews.com/vision-motor-sensory-baseball-8287/
Duke Health “Vision, Sensory and Motor Testing Could Predict Best Batters in Baseball.” http://neurosciencenews.com/vision-motor-sensory-baseball-8287/ (accessed January 8, 2018).

Abstract

Sensorimotor abilities predict on-field performance in professional baseball

Baseball players must be able to see and react in an instant, yet it is hotly debated whether superior performance is associated with superior sensorimotor abilities. In this study, we compare sensorimotor abilities, measured through 8 psychomotor tasks comprising the Nike Sensory Station assessment battery, and game statistics in a sample of 252 professional baseball players to evaluate the links between sensorimotor skills and on-field performance. For this purpose, we develop a series of Bayesian hierarchical latent variable models enabling us to compare statistics across professional baseball leagues. Within this framework, we find that sensorimotor abilities are significant predictors of on-base percentage, walk rate and strikeout rate, accounting for age, position, and league. We find no such relationship for either slugging percentage or fielder-independent pitching. The pattern of results suggests performance contributions from both visual-sensory and visual-motor abilities and indicates that sensorimotor screenings may be useful for player scouting.

“Sensorimotor abilities predict on-field performance in professional baseball” by Kyle Burris, Kelly Vittetoe, Benjamin Ramger, Sunith Suresh, Surya T. Tokdar, Jerome P. Reiter & L. Gregory Appelbaum in Scientific Reports. Published online January 8 2018 doi:10.1038/s41598-017-18565-7

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