Assessing a child's exposure to air pollution on a monthly basis from conception to the age of 8.5, researchers found the greater the exposure to air pollution before the age of 5, the greater the alteration in brain structure by preadolescence.
Steroids prescribed for a range of inflammatory conditions alter the structure and volume of grey and white matter in the brain. The findings shed light on why people who use medical steroids may experience psychological problems, including anxiety, mania, and depression.
First responders at the World Trade Center who experience cognitive impairment and PTSD have a different presentation of white matter in the brain compared to first responders with cognitive impairment without PTSD. Researchers say the findings point to a new and specific form of dementia for those responders with PTSD.
Neuroimaging reveals surprisingly few links between white matter structure and reading ability in children.
The brain's structural connectivity alters as a result of long-duration space missions, a new study reports. The most significant changes were identified in white matter tracts, including the sensorimotor tract.
Learning a new language or playing a musical instrument has a positive impact on cognitive function in the aging brain, researchers report.
White matter hyperintensities were more common in athletes who played more contact sports or had more head injuries and concussions during their sporting careers.